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c.100 EROTIM, co-king of Nabateans from 110, ends.  HARITHATH(Aretas)-II continues until 95. 100 frH
c.100 LIHYAN (Dedan, Madain Salih), state in northwest Arabia, independent from 120 under king MAS'UDU at Dedan, comes under Nabatea until 25CE. 100 rcAr, rri 85 rcAr by 24 WPOT 296
c.100 Kingdom of MA'IN from 750, declines gradually until 55, mainly due to Roman control of the new sea trade routes. 100 wikTY
Kingdom ends. 100 wikAHY
c.100 Remains of the Qhatani Jurhum tribe integrate their lineage under Nizar bin Ma'ad bin Adnan, and become Adnanites. 100 wikTY
c.100 Himyar allies with most of the Qahatni tribes of the lowlands and central highlands, annexing most of Saba and south Qataban.  But Hadhramout repels them. 100 wikTY
c.95 OBAIDAH (Obodas)-I, becomes king of Nabateans until 87. 95 frH
c.90 ZAIHAMAN, king of Awsan from 110, ends.  MAADIL-I succeeds until 75. 90 rcAr
c.87 OBAIDAH (Obodas)-I, king of Nabateans from 105, ends.  AR-RABIL (Rabbel) succeeds and ends.  HARITHATH-III (Aretas Philhellen) succeeds until 62. 87 frH
c.85 YITHAIL SADIQ-II, king of Ma'in from 95, ends.  Ma'in comes under Qataban until 25.  WAQABIL YITHA succeeds until 65. 85 rcAr
c.80 KARIB-IL Watar Yuhanim, king of Saba from ?, ends.  YARIM AYMAN-I succeeds until 60. 80 rcAr
c.80 YARIM AYMAN-I becomes king of Yemen until 60. 80 rcAr
c.75 MAADIL-I, king of Awsan from 90, ends.  YASDUQIL FARIUM-I succeeds until 60. 75 rcAr
c.74 MECCA comes under Jurhum tribe until 206.  Jurhum-I ibn Djahla becomes ruler until 44. 74 rcAr
c.65 WAQABIL YITHA, king of Ma'in from 85, ends.  ILYATHA YASHUR-II succeeds until 55. 65 rcAr
c.62 HARITHATH-III (Aretas Philhellen), king of Nabateans from 87, ends.  OBAIDAH (Obodas)-II succeeds until 47. 62 frH
c.60 YASDUQIL FARIUM-I, king of Awsan from 75, ends.  Son, MAADIL-II succeeds until 45. 60 rcAr
c.60 YARIM AYMAN-I, king of Yemen from 80, ends.  ALHAN NAHFAN succeeds until ?. 60 rcAr
c.60 YARIM AYMAN-I, king of Saba from 80, ends.  FARUM YANHAB possibly succeeds until 35. 60 rcAr
c.60 Bronze lionBronze lion with boy rider made by the Qatabani. photo: Jidan

75-50 wikAHY
c.55 Minaean Kingdom of MA'IN north of Saba from 750, declining from 100, ends, comes under Himyar. 55 rri25 rcAr
c.55 SABA, under Himyar from 116, no longer so.  SAMAHU ALI YANUF-V becomes king until ?. 55 rcAr
c.55 ILYATHA YASHUR-II, king of Ma'in from 65, ends.  Ruler unknown until 25. 55 rcAr
c.47 OBODATH (Obodas)-II, king of Nabateans from 62, ends.  MALIKU (Malchus)-II succeeds until 28. 59 wikLNK
50 MRDK 359, frH
47 OCD 642
c.47 MALIKU (Malchus)-II, king of Nabateans 47-28, sends troops to help Caesar in Alexandria. 47 OCD 642
c.45 MAADIL-II, king of Awsan from 60, ends.  Son, YASDUQIL FARIUM-II succeeds until 20. 45 rcAr
c.44 JURHUM-I ibn Djahla, ruler of Mecca from 74, ends.  Son Abd DJALIL succeeds until 14. 44 rcAr
c.35 FARUM YANHAB, possible king of Saba from 60, ends.  YARIM AYMAN-II possibly succeeds until 25. 25 rcAr
c.35 YARIM AYMAN-II becomes king of Yemen until 25. 35 rcAr
c.28 MALIKU (Malchus)-II, king of Nabateans from 47, ends.  OBODATH (Obodas)-III succeeds until 9. 30 OCD 104, 642, 28 MRDK 359, frH
c.25 The Romans, encouraged by civil war in South Arabia, invade the region. 25 wikTY
25 AELIUS GALLUS, prefect of Egypt, leads 130 freight-ships across the Red Sea against the Sabaeans of Arabia Felix (Yemen) to either conclude treaties making them foederati (client states), or to subdue them if they resist. 26 HRE 122, wikWAg, wikXF 26/5 CAH 10-711 25 wikAHY,
25 Roman ally OBODATH (Obodas)-III, king of Nabateans 28-9, contributes 1,000 troops under his chief secretary, Sylaeus to help Aelius Gallus. 26 wikWAg
25 mid HEROD contributes 500 troops to the Arabian campaign of Aelius Gallus, which doesn't start until 24. 26 CAH 10-155
25 BNTH 20, CAH 10-330, DGRBM 2-426
c.25 Sabean civil war: Himyar closes in on Saba and takes over most of the Sabean central highlands, Red Sea coasts territory.  Saba breaks into 2 smaller states in the north highlands and desert region around the capital Marib. 25 wikTY
c.25 YARIM AYMAN-II, king of Saba from 35, ends.  SHAIRUM AWTAR, YAZIL BAYIN, and ILASHARAH YAHDUB succeed until ?. 25 rcAr
c.25 Kingdom of SABA from 620, conquered by Himyar. 25 wikHmK
c.25 YARIM AYMAN-II, king of Yemen from 35, ends.  SHAIRUM AWTAR, YAZIL BAYIN, and ILASHARAH YAHDUB succeed until ?. 25 rcAr
24 AELIUS GALLUS, 2nd prefect of Egypt 25-4, marches 10,000 troops including allies from Leuke Kome on Arabian campaign, crosses 900 miles of desert.  50 days later they arrive at Negrana, capture and destroy it.  His guide Sylaeus misleads him.  Heat, dehydration, and bad water diseases his army.  He is then driven out by Arabs, having taken nothing but information.  He never reaches his objective, Marib. 26 wikWAg
24 B76 1-1044, CAH 10-241, 250-3, DGRBM 2-222, DGRG 2-862, GHH
c.20 YASDUQIL FARIUM-II, king of Awsan from 45, ends.  AMMIYITHA succeeds until 1 CE. 20 rcAr
20 ASSAD Abu Karib, king of Yemen from ?, ends.  HASSAN ibn Tubba succeeds until 50CE. 20 rcAr
c.14 Abd DJALIL, ruler of Mecca from 44, ends.  Son JURUM-II succeeds until 16CE. 14 rcAr
c.10 YADIL DARIH-II becomes king of Saba until 10CE. 10 rcAr
c.9 OBODATH (Obodas)-III, king of Nabateans from 28, ends.  HARITHATH-IV (Aretas Philopatris) succeeds until 40CE. 9 frH, hifiN

Arabia 0-100