Italy
68 Jan CONSULS:  L. Caecilius METELLUS and Q. MARCIUS REX 68 DGRBM 2-1064, 3-646, csm, wikCon
68 Jan Consul L. Caecilius METELLUS dies.  His suffect died previously.  No replacement is elected, so Q. MARCIUS REX is sole consul. 68 DGRBM 2-1064, 3-646, atl1
c.68 L. QUINCTIUS proposes that command against Mith-VI of Pontus be taken away from L.(4) Licinius Lucullus because of mutinies in his army. 68 atl1
c.68 Contest between Tribune C. Cornelius and the Senate, over the priority of right for introducing a law for the suppression of bribery at elections. 68 GHH
c.68 Q. HORTENSIUS Hortalus fails to sustain his pre-eminence as an orator after his consulship. 68 atl1
68 C.(4) Julius CAESAR becomes quaestor. 68 DGRBM 1-540
c.68 C. Licinius MACER is praetor. 68 CAH 9-340
c.68 L.(3) MANLIUS TORQUATUS elected praetor. 68 wikLMT
c.68 CORNELIA dies.  Dau of L.(2) Cornelius Cinna, wife of C.(4) Julius Caesar from 84. 69 wikELJC, wikJC
69/8 B76 3-577, wikJC 68 DGRBM 1-540, Dur 3-168, sjsu
c.68 JULIA dies.  Dau of C.(2) Julius Caesar, sis of C.(3), aunt of C.(4), wid of Marius 110-86.  In funeral orations for Cornelia & Julia, C.(4) Julius Caesar praises Marius and Cinna. 69 wikELJC, wikJC 69/8 B76 3-577
68 DGRBM 1-540, 2-640, atl1
c.68 Quaestor C.(4) Julius CAESAR goes to Spain until 67. 69 wikELJC     68 Dur 3-110, OCD 189
c.68 M.(6) Porcius CATO, age 27, is the only candidate to obey canvassing laws, when elected military tribune for 67. 68 atl1
c.68 Q.(7) Caecilius METELLUS with 3 legions, becomes proconsul of Crete until 67 to deal with pirates. 68 DGRBM 2-722, 1064, OCD 678     67 GHH, lvA
no date LEWH 107
c.68 Q.(9) Caecilius METELLUS NEPOS and C.(3) Scribonius Curio agree to drop legal proceedings, after threatening to prosecute each other. 68 atl1
c.68 Optimate L. Sergius CATILINE becomes praetor. 68 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-629, OCD 214, wikCat
c.68 Asia is restored to praetorians, and Cilicia, where Lucullus had never operated, is assigned to consul Marcius Rex, with 3 new legions and a fleet, for his proconsular year 67. 68 CAH 9-248
c.68 The "dispensing power" which the Senate had assumed is attacked by C. Cornelius.  The proposed law of C. Cornelius is amended and passed by the Senate. 68 GHH
c.68 Great tumults in Rome. 68 GHH
c.68 C.(3) Calpurnius PISO openly bribes voters to elect him consul. 68 GHH
c.68 L. Tullius CICERO dies.  Cousin and friend of the orator. 68 DGRBM 1-708
67 Jan 1 CONSULS:  M'(4) ACILIUS GLABRIO and C.(3) CALPURNIUS PISO 67 DGRBM 2-272, 3-374, OCD 647, 836, wikCon
67 Consul C.(3) PISO assigned to Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul to suppress uprising of Allobroges. 67 OCD 836, wikRGG
c.67 A.(5) GABINIUS is pleb tribune.  With support from many quarters, he proposes to override the assignation of provinces to Q. Metellus and Marcius Rex by creating a naval command for Pompey. 67 CAH 9-249 66 DGRBM 2-192, wikAGb
c.67 L. TREBELLIUS is pleb tribune.  He and colleague Otho oppose rogation of Gabinius giving Pompey command of the war against pirates. 66 DGRBM 3-65, 3-1170
c.67  Lex Calpurnia de Λ Ambitu V  initially proposed by tribune C. Cornelius, introduces severe penalites for bribery at elections.  It is passed by the Assembly, but since elections had already been announced, and no law could be enacted till they were held, and canvassers are already bribing people, to such an extent even that assassinations occurred, the senate says the law should be introduced before the elections. 67 EDRL 548, atl1
c.67 L. Roscius OTHO is pleb tribune.  Supports aristocrats. 67 CAH 9-332 66 DGRBM 3-65
c.67 Aedile Q. GALLIUS is unable to provide any wild beasts for the games. 67 atl1
c.67 Q. MARCIUS REX becomes proconsul of Cilicia with 3 new legions until 66. 67 DGRBM 3-646, csm, wikCon
67  Lex Gabinia de piratis persequendis  by tribune A.(5) Gabinius, grants Pompey special proconsular powers in any region within 50 miles of the Mediterranean for 3 years to fight pirates.  He is to have 200 ships, 15 legates, 6,000 talents, and as many troops as he wants.  Caesar supports it.  Consul Piso, Q. Lutatius Catulus, Q. Hortensius and pleb tribunes Otho & L. Trebellius oppose it.  Trebellius vetos it.  Gabinius proposes to depose Trebellius.  17 out of the 35 tribes vote with Gabinius.  Trebellius withdraws his veto.  Pompey therefore can interfere in Crete, but it is never intended that he should supersede Metellus. 67 B76 14-793, 15-1104, CAH 9-249, CDCC 708, DGRBM 2-192, 1064, 3-65, 481, 1170, EDRL 552, GHH, MCAW 248, ahe, atl1, rtp, ttpm, unrv, wikAGb, wikLRL, wikQLCt
c.67 Consul C.(3) PISO threatens life of A.(5) Gabinius, who flees for refuge to the people, who in turn, led by Gabinius, assault the senate-house, and would probably have killed Piso, had not Gabinius rescued him. 67 DGRBM 2-1064, atl1
c.67 POMPEY accepts the commission, but asks for more troops.  He now gets 500 ships, 120,000 sailors and infantry, 5000 cavalry, 24 legates, and the power of taking such sums of money as he might think fit out of the public treasury.  On the day the bill passes the price of grain immediately falls back down to normal levels. 67 DGRBM 3-482
c.67 PIRATES destroy or capture Roman ships docked at Ostia port at mouth of the Tiber. 67 CDCC 632, DGRG 2-501
c.67 C.(4) Julius CAESAR speaks in favor of a move to clear the Mediterranean of pirates. 67 ttjc
c.67  Lex Cornelia de edictis  orders that "praetors administer the law according to their perpetual edicts". 67 EDRL 549
c.67 Legate L.(2) OCTAVIUS sent by Pompey to receive surrender of Cretan towns. 67 DGRBM 2-1064
c.67 A.(3) Manlius TORQUATUS governor of Africa from 76, returns to Rome.  Optimate L. Sergius CATILINE becomes propraetor of Africa until 66. 67 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-629, OCD 214, atl1, rcNA, wikAf, wikCat
c.67 P.(1) Cornelius DOLABELLA, governor of Asia from 69, returns, and is made urban praetor.  L.(2? 3?) Manlius TORQUATUS succeeds until 66. 67 DGRBM 1-1058, wikLRGA
c.67 M.(6) Porcius CATO, age 28, becomes military tribune in Macedonia until 65. 67 B76 II-645, wikCY
c.67 L. Licinius LUCULLUS (relation to other Luculli unknown) is urban praetor. 67 DGRBM 2-839
c.67 Q.(7) Caecilius METELLUS, proconsul of Crete from 68, returns to Rome.  Triumph delayed until 62 because of opposition by partisans of Pompey, but he is now called CRETICUS. 67 B76 VI-836, GHH 66 DGRBM 2-1064 no date LEWH 107, OCD 678
c.67 Q. Tullius CICERO, bro of the orator, becomes aedile. 67 DGRBM 1-746
67 or 58  Lex Gabinia  by A.(5) Gabinius as tribune 67 or consul 58, forbids loans of money at Rome to foreign envoys, so as to prevent money from being borrowed to bribe senators.  Fixes February as the month for foreign legati to the senate.  Opposed by Q. Lutatius Catulus. 67 DGRBM 1-656, OCD 602
67 or 58 unrv
c.67 POMPEY secures food supply of Rome, raises 20 legions, 270 ships, 6,000 talents for pirate war.  He has 24 legati. 67 CAH 9-373, SHWC
c.67 Q.(9) Caecilius METELLUS NEPOS becomes legate to Pompey until 63. 67 DGRBM 2-1061, OCD 678
67 spring Pirate warPompey appoints 13 legates and divides the Mediterranean and Black Seas into 13 sections.
Ti. Nero and Manlius Torquatus command Spain and Straits of Hercules (Gibraltar).
M. Pomponius: Gaul Liguria, Africa, Sardinia, Corsica.
Gn. Cornelius Lentulus Marcellinus and P. Atilius; L. Gellius Publicola and Gn. Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus: Italy.
Plotius Varus and Terentius Varro: Sicily and the Adriatic as far as Acarnania.
L. Sisenna: Macedon, Thessaly, Boeotia, Attica, Euboea, and the Peloponnese.
L. Lollius: the Greek islands, the Aegean and Hellespont.
P. Piso: Bithynia, Thrace, the Propontis (Sea of Marmara) and the mouth of the Black Sea.
Q. Caecilius Metellus Nepos Junior: Lycia, Pamphylia, Cyprus, and Phoenicia.
With a mobile force of 60 ships Pompey begins driving the pirates into the arms of the legates.  He then sails west, and in 40 days subdues the Sicilian and Isaurian pirates.  He then returns to Rome to deal with opponents.
67 B76 14-793, 15-1104, CAH 9-374, GHH, MCAW 248, atl1, wikPm
c.67 Tribune A.(5) Gabinius gets legions of L.(4) Licinius Lucullus transferred to consul Glabrio. 67 OCD 451, atl1
c.67 Consul M'(4) ACILIUS GLABRIO punishes praetor L. Lucullus, for not standing in his presence. 67 atl1
c.67 10 legates, including Marcus, bro of L.(4) Lucullus, sent to Asia, to settle affairs of Pontus, and reduce it to a Roman province. 67 DGRBM 2-835, 238
c.67 Consul M'(4) ACILIUS GLABRIO is appointed to command Bithynia and Pontus.  He hurries east for an easy triumph. 67 CAH 9-371, atl1
c.67 L.(5) Julius CAESAR is praetor. 67 wikL5JC
c.67 Quaestor C.(4) Julius CAESAR in Spain from 68, returns to Rome until ?. 67 DGRBM 1-540, wikELJC, wikJC
c.67 C.(4) Julius CAESAR marries POMPEIA, dau of Q.(3) Pompeius Rufus and Cornelia dau of Sulla until 61. 67 DGRBM 1-540, 3-473, MCAW 248, OCD 856, atl1, ttjc, wikELJC, wikJC
c.67 PEACOCKS:  M. Lurco is first person at Rome to fatten and sell peacocks for eating. 67 atl1
c.67 ELECTIONS for consul and praetor are more disoderly than usual. 67 atl1
c.67  Lex Acilia et Calpurnia Λ Ambitu V  by consuls Piso and Glabrio, permanently excludes those guilty of election bribery from future magisterial elections. 67 unrv
c.67  Leges Corneliae  by tribune C. Cornelius, a series of laws:
One restricts the power of the senate to grant immunity from legal constraints - opposed unsuccessfully by tribune P. Servilius Rufus.
Another forces praetors to abide by their own edicts.
Another forbids lending money to foreign envoys in Rome.
67 DGRBM 1-856, atl1, unrv
c.67  Lex Roscia theatralis  by tribune L. Roscius Otho, gives equites 14 rows or seats in theaters next to the senators in the orchestra.  Supported by Cicero, but unpopular with the people, who are excluded from seats which they had formerly occupied in common with the equites.  Causes riot 63. 67 CAH 9-332, DGRBM 3-65, EDRL 559, atl1, unrv, wikLRL
c.67  Lex Manilia  gives freedmen the right to vote in the tribe of their patrons.  Opposed by Q. Lutatius Catulus. 67 EDRL 556, wikQLCt
c.67 M.(3) Aurelius COTTA is prosecuted by C. Papirius Carbo, and convicted for looting Heraclea Pontica after its capture 73.  (Reverse 58) 67 atl1
c.67 Senate rejects a proposal of tribune C. Cornelius, to ban high-interest loans to foreign delegations. 67 atl1
c.67 Q. Caecilius METELLUS CELER convicts C. Sergius Silus of trying to corrupt a Roman lady with money. 67 atl1
c.67 M. TERENTIUS VARRO completes  Menippean Satires . 67 OCD 1108
c.67 M. TERENTIUS VARRO is rewarded by Pompey for achievements as a commander in war against pirates. 67 atl1
c.67 M. Lollius Palicanus runs for consul, but is blocked by consul C.(3) Calpurnius Piso. 67 CAH 9-215
c.67  Actio Publiciana , a procedure in Roman law, created. 67 atl1
c.67 M. Lollius PALICANUS becomes candidate for consul.  Consul Piso, who presides at the comitia, refuses to announce his name if he is elected. 67 DGRBM 3-93
67 Dec 10 C. MANILIUS becomes pleb tribune for 66. 67 DGRBM 2-917
67
Dec 31
Tribune C. MANILIUS carries a law distributing freedmen thruout all the tribes.  Next day it is annulled by senate for non-observance of trinundinum (See Lex Caecilia Didia 98). 67 Dec 31 DGRBM 2-917, OCD 643, atl1
66 Jan 1 CONSULS:  M' AEMILIUS LEPIDUS and L. VOLCACIUS TULLUS 66 DGRBM 2-765, 3-1190, csm, wikCon
66 Jan M. Tullius CICERO, age 40, becomes praetor.  Serves as president of the Reclamation (extortion) Court. 66 B76 4-607, CDCC 199, DGRBM 1-711, 2-168, wikCc
66 Jan C.(3) FLAMINIUS becomes praetor. 66 DGRBM 2-168
66 Jan C. Aquilius GALLUS becomes praetor.  He drafts a set of legal definitions. 66 DGRBM 2-223, atl1
c.66 C.(3) Calpurnius PISO, commander of Cisalpine and Transalpine Gaul from 67, becomes proconsul until 65 to suppress uprising among Allobroges. 67 OCD 836, wikRGG 66 DGRBM 3-374, DGRG 1-956, OCD 836
66 early? Last of the Cilician pirates are wiped out by Pompey, thereby securing Rome's grain supply. 66 ttpm, wikTAR
66 early Tribune C. MANILIUS, supported by Cicero, Caesar, and other friends of Pompey, passes  Lex Manilia de Imperio Gn. Pompeius , written by Cicero.  Gets senate to relieve commander of Asia L.(4) Lucullus and make Pompey commander against Mithridates-VI, with imperium thruout the entire east and the fleet.  Bill is supported by C. Julius Caesar, Cicero, C.(4) Cassius Longinus, Gn. Cornelius Lentulus, C. Scribonius Curio, P.(1) Servilius Vatia.
It is opposed unsuccessfully by L.(3) Domitius Ahenobarbus and Q. Lutatius Catulus.
66 B76 II-648, 12-288, 14-793, 15-1104, CAH 9-249-50, 376, CDCC 708, DGRBM 1-540, 656, 2-526, 799, 3-1233, LEWH 108, MCAW 248,
OCD 361, SHWC, ahe, atl1, rtp, ttjc, ttpm, unrv, wik1Tr, wikCc, wikLRL, wikPSV, wikQLCt
c.66 Q. MARCIUS REX proconsul of Cilicia from 67, returns to Rome, sues for a triumph, hindered by certain parties, remains outside the city to prosecute his claims. 66 DGRBM 3-646
c.66 C.(4) Julius CAESAR serves as surveyor for the Appian Way. 66, DGRBM 1-540, ttjc
c.66 C. MEMMIUS GEMELLUS is pleb tribune. 66 DGRBM 2-1026
c.66 M. LICINIUS LUCULLUS (aka M. Terentius Varro Lucullus) turns down an opportunity to govern province of Sardinia, as propraetor. 66 DGRBM 2-272
c.66 C. Cornelius, tribune 67, accused of maiestas by bros P. and L. Cominius.  He is defended by Cicero.  M' Aemilius Lepidus is a witness against him.  But on trial day, the praetor does not appear, and the Cominii are driven away by Cornelius' supporters and eventually forced to leave Rome until 65. 66 DGRBM 1-815, 2-765, atl1
c.66 P. CLODIUS PULCHER, a prisoner of pirates from ?, returns to Rome.  He needs protection from his bro-in-law L.(4) Licinius Lucullus, because of his mutiny in Lucullus' army in 68, and his incestuous relations with Lucullus' wife Clodia, whom Lucullus had discovered. 66 wikPCP
c.66 Q. CORNIFICIUS is praetor. 66 DGRBM 1-857
66 C. ORCIVIUS is praetor.  He presides over cases of peculatus. 66 DGRBM 3-41
66 C. Aquilius GALLUS prevents Otacilia from reclaiming a pretended loan. 66 atl1
c.66 In the consular comitia, P.(3) Cornelius Sulla is elected consul along with P. Autronius Paetus, but neither enters office, as they are accused of bribery by L.(3) Manlius Torquatus the younger, and condemned.  L.(5) Cotta and L.(2) Torquatus, father of their accuser, become consuls in their stead. 66 DGRBM 3-944, 1165
c.66 L.(4) LICINIUS LUCULLUS, commander of Asia from 74, returns to Rome, demands a triumph, and is charged with maladministration by tribune C. Memmius.  Lucullus entertains lavishly, but his triumph is delayed until 63. 66 DGRBM 2-836, 1026, OCD 668, TTPC, atl1
c.66 Praetorian C. Licinius MACER dies.  He is impeached for extortion by Cicero.  Despite alliance with Crassus, he sees a conviction coming, and suicides out. 66 DGRBM 1-586, 2-883, atl1
c.66 C.(1) ANTONIUS HYBRIDA, aedile from 69, helped by Cicero, becomes praetor, and uses this to regain his senate seat. 68 or 66 wikGAH 66 OCD 77
65 DGRBM 1-214
66 M. LICINIUS LUCULLUS (aka M. Terentius Varro Lucullus), accused by tribune C. Memmius of misconduct as quaestor. 66 atl1
c.66 CLODIA, wife of L.(4) Licinius Lucullus from ?, is divorced for incest with bro P. Clodius Pulcher. 66 atl1, wikLcl
c.66 Aulus CLUENTIUS Habitus is accused of murdering Statius Albius Oppianicus and 2 other acts of poisoning by Statius' son T. Accius Oppianicus.  (See 74)   CICERO defends him and writes  Pro Cluentio .  Q. Voconius Naso is judex quaestionis (magistrate who decides a criminal case, when the praetor himself did not sit as a magistrate).  Cluentius is acquitted.  Cicero later boasts that he threw dust in the eyes of the jury. 66 B76 4-610, DGRBM 1-6, 806, 2-134, 1142, OCD 256, bk, wikCc
c.66 Praetor M. Tullius CICERO postpones trial of C. Manilius until Jan. 65. 66 OCD 643
c.66 M. Tullius CICERO writes  Pro Lege Manilia . 66 B76 4-610
c.66 L. Sergius CATILINE, governor of Africa from 67, returns to Rome. 66 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-629, wikAf, wik1Tr, wikCat
c.66 L. Sergius CATILINE, X-gov of Africa 67-6, runs for consul, but a delegation from Africa indicts him for repetundae (extortion), and Clodius charges him.  Incumbent consul, L. Volcatius Tullus, disallows his candidacy, which is also disallowed because he announced it too late. 66 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-629, MCAW 248, OCD 214, wik1Tr, wikCat
65 DGRBM 1-771
c.66 Praetor M. Tullius CICERO speaks against CATILINE and leading optimates, advocates Pompey for command against Mith-VI of Pontus. 66 B76 4-607
c.66 M. Licinius CRASSUS shields conspirators of Catiline, helps Catiline until his defeat in 63. 66 OCD 295
c.66 L.(2) Licinius Murena defeats Servius(2) Sulpicius Rufus for election to praetor 65. 66 atl1
c.66 EBONY first seen in Rome: obtained by Pompey after his defeat of Mith-VI. 66 GHH
c.66 First digest of Roman laws, by M. Terentius VARRO Reatinus. 66 GHH
66 late Consular ELECTIONS:  P.(3) Cornelius SULLA and P. Autronius PAETUS are unanimously elected by all the centuries, but prosecuted for ambitus (bribery) by L.(5) Aurelius Cotta and L.(2) Manlius Torquatus.  They are convicted under Lex Acilia Calpurnia, disqualified, and are expelled from the senate. 66 DGRBM 1-629, 868, 3-85, 914, OCD 155, 294, atl1, wikLMT, wikPCS
c.66 late 1st CATILINE CONSPIRACY with P. Autronius, Gn.(2) Calpurnius Piso, and P. C. Sulla.  Plan to murder elected consuls Torquatus and Cotta when they enter office Jan. 1.  Historians consider it unlikely. 66 CAH 9, DGRBM 3-375
66/5 OCD 214, atl1
65 wikCat
65 Jan 1 CONSULS:  L.(2) MANLIUS TORQUATUS and L.(5) AURELIUS COTTA 65 DGRBM 1-435, 3-1165, OCD 294, csm, wikCon
65 Jan Λ CENSORS V plebs M.(3) LICINIUS CRASSUS and Q. LUTATIUS CATULUS 65 B76 II-648, CDCC 242, DGRBM 1-656, 876, OCD 217, 295, bk, wikCon, wikMLC
65 Censor Crassus wants to make Egypt a Roman province.  Catulus doesn't, and is supported by Cicero.  Censors also disagree over whether Transpadanes should become Roman citizens, and resign without achieving anything including the census.  Afterwards, other censors are elected (not all known), but no further census is completed until 28. 65 B76 II-648, CDCC 242, DGRBM 1-656, 876, OCD 217, 295, atl1, bk, wikCon
c.65 Jan X-tribune C. MANILIUS is prosecuted for repetundae by Calpurnius PISO.  Case dropped beacuse of disturbances. 65 OCD 643, atl1
Convicted. 65 atl1
c.65 L.(2) LICINIUS MURENA is praetor.  He seeks popularity by organising public shows. 65 DGRBM 2-1122, atl1
c.65 Q. Tullius CICERO is aedile. 65 atl1
c.65 C. Cornelius, tribune 67, again accused of maiestas (treason) by bros P. and L. Cominius.  Cornelius is defended by praetor Cicero and acquitted. 65, DGRBM 1-815, atl1
c.65 L. Sergius CATILINE is only now prosecuted for the 66 repetundae (extortion) charge by Africans.  Prosecutor is P. CLODIUS PULCHER.  Catiline buys the support of many distinguished men, including many consulars - even one of the consuls for 65, L.(2) Manlius Torquatus.  Catiline is aquitted ostensibly because of corruption of Clodius, but still prevented from running for consul 65 & 64.  Q. Cicero, says Catiline "left the court as poor as some of his judges had been before the trial," implying that he bribed his judges. 66 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-629, MCAW 248, OCD 214
65 atl1, wik1Tr, wikCat
c.65 L. Sergius CATILINE becomes leader of discontented classes: debtors, veterans, ruined nobles, those outlawed by Sulla, etc. 65 GHH, MCAW 248 64 LEWH 108
c.65 Cicero's orations against Catiline. 65 GHH, MCAW 248
c.65 X-tribune C. CORNELIUS is prosecuted for maiestas, defended by Cicero.  Aquitted. 65 DGRBM 2-1060, OCD 292
c.65 P. CLODIUS PULCHER is accused of collusion in his prosecution of Catiline. 65 OCD 254
c.65 Egyptian democrats in Rome challenge legitimacy of P-XII Neos Dionysos Auletes.  They produce a questionable will of P-XI Alexander bequeathing Egypt to Rome.  Pleb tribunes, motivated by C.(4) Julius Caesar, propose annexation.  Optimates including Cicero oppose annexation. 65 B76 VIII-282, wikSRl
c.65 A statue of Romulus and Remus is struck by lightning !  Baaad omen.  Is it because they are considering annexation of Egypt? 65 atl1
c.65 Censor M.(3) Licinius CRASSUS intrigues for power in Spain and Egypt.  Unsuccessful. 65 CAH 9
c.65 Censor M.(3) Licinius CRASSUS tries to get citizenship for Transpadane Gaul.  Thwarted by colleague Q. Lutatius Catulus. 65 B76 II-648, CAH 9
c.65 Q.(6) Mucius SCAEVOLA is accused of theft by L. Calenus, but defended by Cicero. 65 atl1
c.65 C.(4) Julius CAESAR becomes curule aedile, spends lavishly on games using money loaned from Crassus to win popular favor. 65 DGRBM 1-541, Dur 169, MCAW 248, OCD 189, atl1, bk, sjsu, ttjc, vrm
c.65 M.(6) Porcius CATO, military tribune in Macedonia from 67, returns to Rome accompanied by philosopher Athenodorus, and is elected quaestor for 64. 65 atl1, wikCY
c.65 Aedile C.(4) Julius CAESAR restores Marius' monuments. 65 atl1
c.65  Actio Serviana  created, a procedure in Roman law. 65 atl1
c.65 The national religion still declines. 65 GHH
c.65 Caesarean pleb M. Calpurnius BIBULUS becomes curule aedile. 65 B76 II-3, OCD 166, DGRBM 1-487, wikBb
c.65  Lex Papia  establishes procedure for selection of Vestals by the high pontiff. 65 EDRL 557
c.65  Lex Papia de Peregrinis  by pleb tribune C. Papius, a renewal of Lex Junia 126, challenges false claims of citizenship and deports foreigners from Rome. 65 DGRBM 3-119, EDRL 557, atl1, unrv, wikLRL
c.65 NEW FOODS introduced to Rome by Pompey:  apricots from Armenia, peaches from Persia, plums from Damascus, quinces from Sidon, raspberries from "Mt. Ida" (which could be in Greece, Asia, or Crete). 65 TTPC
c.65 T. POMPONIUS ATTICUS, Epicurean, in Athens from 88, returns to Rome, helped by rich uncle Q. Caecilius, continues friendship with Cicero. 65 B76 I-636, DGRBM 1-414
64 Jan 1 CONSULS:  L.(5) Julius CAESAR and C. MARCIUS FIGULUS 64 CAH 9-345, DGRBM 1-538, OCD 190, csm, wikCon, wikL5JC
64 Λ CENSORS V an unknown patrician and pleb L.(5) AURELIUS COTTA.  They are prevented from achieving anything by opposition of tribunes. 64 DGRBM 1-868, atl1, wikCns
c.64 L.(2) LICINIUS MURENA is propraetor of Cisalpine Gaul until 63, where his bro Caius and P. Clodius Pulcher serve under him.  He settles disputes between debtor and creditor. 64 DGRBM 2-1122, wikPCP
Transalpine Gaul 64 atl1
c.64 C.(3) Calpurnius PISO, proconsul of Transalpine Gaul from 66, succeeded by L. MURENA until ?. 65 DGRG 1-956 64 CAH 9-347
64 C.(4) Julius CAESAR, head of a commission for murder trials, sentences surviving assassins from Sullan terror 82 to death or exile. 64 DGRBM 1-541, Dur 3-170
c.64 M. CALLIDIUS accuses praetor candidate Q. GALLIUS of bribery in election.  Gallius is defended by Cicero, and aquitted.  See 51. 66 atl1
64 DGRBM 1-563
c.64 L. Luscius and L. Annius Bellienus, uncle of Catiline, are prosecuted, possibly by C. Caesar, and convicted of murders committed during dictatorship of Sulla.  Both are condemned. 64 DGRBM 1-481, 2-842, atl1, wikAni
c.64 L.(2) MANLIUS TORQUATUS becomes proconsul of Macedonia until 63. 64 wikLMT
c.64 Many COLLEGIA (clubs & guilds) suppressed by senate for questionable political activity until 58, which leads to temporary cessation of LUDI COMPITALICII, a pre-republic annual festival in honor of the Lares Compitales, household deities of the crossroads, to whom sacrifices were offered where 2 or more ways meet.  The festival continues to be observed, tho the games are abolished.   (See 61). 68 wikCmp 64 CDCC 212, OCD 255, atl1
c.64  Lex Ampia  allows Pompey to wear the crown of bay at Ludi Circenses. 64 wikLRL
c.64  Lex Plautia De Vi combats violence against individuals or the state. 78-63 EDRL 557    64 atl1
c.64 Q.(8) Caecilius METELLUS CELER becomes praetor and governor of Cisalpine Gaul until 62. 64 OCD 216
63 B76 VI-835, DGRBM 2-1061
c.64 L. CASSIUS is a praetor involved in Catiline conspiracy. 64 CAH 9-356
c.64 Optimate, M.(6) Porcius CATO is quaestor. 64 B76 II-645, CDCC 172
c.64 P. SITTIUS, wealthy equite with interests in Spain and Mauretania, in debt and suspected of Catiline sympathies, goes to Spain. 64 DGRBM 3-844, OCD 994
c.64 Foreigners expelled from Rome, according to Lex Papia de Peregrinis 65. 65 GHH 64 CAH 9
c.64 L. Cornelius LENTULUS NIGER is appointed flamen Martialis (priest of Mars). 64 atl1
c.64 CICERO and CATILINE compete for consulship of 63.  Catiline is the champion of debtors.  He runs alongside C.(1) Antonius Hybrida.  Upper classes unite for Cicero. 64 Dur 3-143, LEWH 108, wik1Tr, wikCat, wikGAH
c.64 M. Tullius CICERO delivers speech In toga candida, against rival candidates Catiline and C. Antonius. 64 atl1
c.64 C. Antonius Hybrida, a candidate for consul, and Q. Gallius, a candidate for praetor, try to win votes by presenting public games. 64 atl1
c.64 L. Sergius CATILINE is accused of murder by L. Lucceius, but acquitted because his victims were proscribed. 64 atl1
c.64 Quaestor M.(6) Porcius CATO forces Sulla's henchmen to give back rewards which they received during proscriptions, and reforms administration of the treasury. 64 atl1
c.64 Quaestor M.(6) Porcius CATO prevents M.(10) Claudius Marcellus from agreeing to an illegal payment from the treasury. 64 atl1
c.64 L. Sergius CATILINE begins collecting associates for a new conspiracy, allegedly makes them swear a secret oath. 64 atl1
c.64 XERXES, son of Mith-VI, captured in Bosporus by Pompey, taken to Rome. 64 DGRBM 3-1308
c.64 L. Sergius CATILINE, campaigning for consul 63, makes election deal with C.(1) ANTONIUS Hybrida, gains support of Caesar and M.(2) Crassus.  Catiline is defeated because optimates fear his economic plan. 64 B76 II-644, OCD 77, 214, wikCat
64 Dec 10 P. SERVILIUS RULLUS becomes pleb tribune for 63.  He immediately proposes an agrarian law for the people to vote on in January.  Cicero will attack it in 3 orations. 64 DGRBM 3-679
63 Dur 3-173, MCAW 250, OCD 215, atl1, wikSRl     62 CDCC 172
63 Jan 1 CONSULS:  C.(1) ANTONIUS HYBRIDA and M. Tullius CICERO 63 B76 4-607, CDCC 199, DGRBM 1-214, 541, OCD 77, 235, atl1, csm, wik1Tr, wikCc, wikCon, wikGAH, wikTAR
c.63 Consul M. Tullius CICERO advocates alliance between senate and Pompey. 63 CAH 9, SHWC
c.63 Consul M. Tullius CICERO persuades senate to pass a decree to prohibit bribery in elections. 63 atl1
c.63 Consul M. Tullius CICERO opposes proposals of tribunes, including cancellation of debts. 63 atl1
c.63 P. SESTIUS is quaestor to consul C.(1) Antonius. 63 DGRBM 3-795, atl1
c.63 C.(2) COSCONIUS is praetor. 63 DGRBM 1-863
c.63 Q.(5) POMPEIUS RUFUS is praetor. 63 DGRBM 3-476
c.63 Q. GALLIUS is urban praetor, and presides at trial of C. Cornelius. 63 DGRBM 2-221
c.63 T. Fadius GALLUS is quaestor under consul Cicero. 63 DGRBM 2-228
c.63 T. Ampius BALBUS is pleb tribune. 63 DGRBM 1-455
c.63 T. LABIENUS is pleb tribune. 63 CAH 9-386, DGRBM 2-696, wikTLb
c.63 L. CAECILIUS RUFUS, half bro of P. Sulla, is pleb tribune.  He proposes that Sulla and Autronius Paetus, both of whom had been condemned for bribery in 66, should be allowed to run again for the higher offices of state, but drops the proposal at suggestion of Sulla. 63 DGRBM 3-671
c.63 P.(6) Cornelius LENTULUS SURA is praetor 2nd time. 63 B76 VI-146, DGRBM 2-730
c.63 Sextus Atilius SERRANUS GAVIANUS is quaestor.  He is treated well by Cicero. 63 DGRBM 3-788
c.63 P. VATINIUS is quaestor.  He is sent by consul Cicero to Puteoli (5kn east of Baiae) to prevent its gold and silver from being stolen.  His extortions are so oppressive that the inhabitants complain to Cicero. 63 DGRBM 3-1234, atl1, wikPV
c.63 Pleb tribunes T. Ampius BALBUS and T. LABIENUS propose that Pompey be allowed to wear a laurel crown and all insignia of a triumph in the scenic games. 63 DGRBM 1-455
c.63 L. Tarquinius, enroute to join Catiline, arrested.  He says he was sent by M.(3) Licinius Crassus with a message inviting Catiline to come and rescue his friends in Rome.  Senate disbelieves him. 63 DGRBM 1-876, atl1
c.63 Consul M. Tullius CICERO writes  Contra Rullum 1-3 . 63 B76 4-610
c.63 Consul C.(1) ANTONIUS HYBRIDA makes a deal with Cicero allowing Cicero to rule as sole consul in exchange for Hybrida becoming governor of Macedonia at the end of his term. 63 atl1, wikGAH, wikPtr
63 Consul C.(1) ANTONIUS HYBRIDA is assigned to Macedonia by Cicero, but doesn't go there until the fight with Catiline is over in 62.  M. Petreius is his legate. 63 OCD 77
63 3rd Mithridatic War from 74 ends.  POMPEY defeats king Mith-VI of Pontus.
c.63 Dau of Q. Servilius Caepio & Livia Drusa, SERVILIA CAEPIONIS, mom of M.(7) Brutus, becomes mistress of C.(4) Julius Caesar. by 64 wikSmB 63 wikTAR
c.63 C.(4) Julius CAESAR wants to deter the senate from violence against the popular party, and to frighten everyone in future from injuring a tribune, even in obedience to senatorial decree.  Caesar, therefore, resolves to make an example of C. Rabirius for killing, 37 years ago, of populist tribune Saturninus.  Caesar induces tribune, T. Labienus, whose uncle had died among the followers of Saturninus, to accuse Rabirius of having murdered the tribune. 63 DGRBM 3-638
c.63 C. RABIRIUS, equite and backbench senator, accused of perduelio (treason) by tribune T. Labienus, arrested by C.(4) Julius Caesar, and prosecuted by T. Labienus.  Rabirius is defended by Q. Hortensius, who argues that he had not killed Saturninus, and Cicero, whose speech  Pro Rabirio  argues that the killing of Saturninus was lawful as it had been done under a senatus consultum ultimum.  Rabirius is convicted, and appeals to the people.  During his appeal, a procedural technicality is contrived - praetor Q.(8) Caecilius Metellus Celer takes down the military flag from the Janiculum hill, indicating foreign invasion - and proceedings are adjourned.  Prosecution is never resumed. 63 B76 4-610, DGRBM 1-541, 3-638, OCD 189, 574, 909, atl1, bk, wikCc, wikELJC
c.63 During the trial, someone hands a letter to C.(4) Julius Caesar.  M.(6) Porcius Cato accuses him of corresponding with the conspirators, and demands it be read aloud.  It is revealed to be a love letter from his mistress Servilia. 63 wikSmB
c.63 C.(4) & L.(5) Julius Caesar are appointed to antequated office of duumvir perduellionis for trial of Rabirius for perduellio. 63 DGRBM 1-538, OCD 190, wikL5JC
c.63 L. Sergius CATILINE gains support of Sempronia wife of D.(6) Junius Brutus and other women. 63 atl1
c.63 Tribune T. Labienus obtains  Lex Atia , a re-enaction of Lex Domitia 104, which was repealed 81.  This law transfers election to priesthoods back to the people. 63 EDRL 548, OCD 574
c.63 Q.(6) Caecilius METELLUS PIUS, pontifex maximus from 81, dies. 64/3 63 DGRBM 2-1060, wikQCMP
63 C.(4) Julius CAESAR defeats optimate senators Q. Lutatius Catulus and P.(1) Servilius Vatia Isauricus for election to pontifex maximus.  There are accusations of bribery by all sides.  Caesar is pontifex maximus until death 44. 63 B76 II-649, 3-557, CAH 9, 10-827, DGRBM 3-1233, IDB 1-478, MCAW 249, OCD 189, 217, atl1, bk, sjsu, ttjc, wikELJC, wikJC, wikQLCt
63 Q.(9) Caecilius METELLUS NEPOS, legate of Pompey from 67, returns from Levant to Rome to run for tribune, and propagandize for Pompey.  Nepos is elected tribune for 62. 63 CAH 9-509, DGRBM 2-1061, OCD 678
c.63 M.(6) Porcius CATO, optimate, elected pleb tribune for 62 so as to oppose Q.(9) Metellus Nepos.  Cato woos populace by renewing cheap grain. 63 Dur 3-173, MCAW 250, OCD 215, atl1, wikCY 62 CDCC 172
c.63 L.(9) Valerius FLACCUS is praetor. 63 DGRBM 2-159
c.63 M.(4) Valerius MESSALLA NIGER is praetor. 63 DGRBM 2-1050
c.63 L. Sergius CATILINE is brought to trial again, this time for killing his former bro-in-law M. Marius Gratidianus, and carrying this man's severed head thru the streets.  Other allegations claim that he murdered several other notable men.  Catiline is acquitted again, possibly thru influence of Caesar, who presided over the court. 63 wikCat
c.63 C. POMPTINUS is praetor.  He helps Cicero against Catiline. 63 DGRBM 3-495
c.63 M.(5) ANTONIUS (Mark Antony) marries his cousin Antonia Hybrida Minor, dau of C.(1) Antonius Hybrida until 47. 63 trtMA
63 LUNAR ECLIPSE noted by Cicero in his consulship.  63 atl1
c.63 L. Sergius CATILINE, campaigns for consul of 62, champions cause of poor, discontents, ruined nobles, bankrupt veterans.  He wears armor for fear of assassination. 63 B76 4-607, CDCC 171, DGRBM 1-630, OCD 214, wikCat
c.63  Lex Tullia de Λ ambitu V  by consul Cicero to regulate election fraud largely in opposition to L. Sergius Catiline. 63 EDRL 560, OCD 51, unrv, wikLRL
c.63  Lex Ampia Labiena de trimphalibus  by tribunes T. Ampius and T. Labienus, allow special provisions for Pompey regarding triumphal attire after his eastern victories. 63 unrv
c.63  Rogatio Servilia agraria  by tribune P. Servilius Rullus, supported by consul Hybrida, an extensive land distribution proposal for the landless poor in Rome, including Capua district, Campania, and portions of the eastern settlements of Pompey.  Successfully opposed by consul Cicero, who delivers speech  De Lege Agraria , in which he suggests conquering Egypt. 63 CAH 9-319, DGRG 1-512, GHH, unrv, wikCc
c.63 Riot caused by popular indignation against  Lex Roscia theatralis  67, barely quelled by consul Cicero. 63 DGRBM 3-65
c.63 Jul L. Sergius CATILINE again loses consular election. 63 B76 II-644, OCD 214, atl1, wikCat
c.63 SHORTHAND NOTATION invented by M. Tullius TIRO, a freedman of Cicero. 70 TTT
63 TToH, TTPC
c.63 Embassy from ALLOBROGES of Narbonensis arrive in Rome to protest extortion by local tax collectors. 63 B76 7-960
c.63 C.(3) Calpurnius PISO is accused by C.(4) Julius Caesar of extorting the Allobroges as governor of Narbonensis Gaul.  Piso is defended by Cicero and acquitted. 63 DGRBM 1-541, 3-374, DGRG 1-956, atl1, wikRGG
c.63 C.(4) Calpurnius PISO Frugi marries TULLIA, dau of Cicero & Terentia. 63 DGRBM 3-373, 1182
c.63 Widespread DEBT in Italy peaks. 63 CAH 9-452
c.63 L.(2) LICINIUS MURENA, propraetor of Cisalpine Gaul from 64, returns to Rome, his bro Caius and P. Clodius Pulcher who serve under him also return. 63 atl1, wikPCP
c.63 Citizens of Puteoli (5km east of Baiae) complain to Cicero about behavior of quaestor Vatinius. 63 atl1
c.63 L.(4) LICINIUS LUCULLUS finally has his triumph, delayed from 66. 63 DGRBM 2-836, 1026, OCD 668, TTPC, atl1, wikLcl
c.63 Grammarian L. Orbilius Pupillus arrives in Rome. 63 atl1
c.63 ARISTOBULUS-II, king and high priest of Judea from 67 sails as prisoner to Rome along with his whole family and several thousand Jews to be paraded in Pompey's triumph 61.  Aristobulus remains prisoner until 56.  The Jews remain slaves in Rome. 63 CAH 10-779, DGRBM 1-301, GHH, Jud 2-584
63 Sep 23 C.(3) OCTAVIUS Thurinus, youngest of 3 kids born to wealthy banker C.(2) Octavius and Atia Balba Caesonia, niece of Caesar.  He is called Octavius (or Octavian) until adoption by Julius Caesar in 44.  C.(3) is born on the Palatine Hill, then taken to his father's home village at Velletri in the Alban Hills to be raised. 63 Sep. 23 B76 2-368, CDCC 111, GHH, ISBE 1-364, atl1, wikAg, wikELA
c.63 AUGURIUM SALUTIS is attempted.  An augural inquiry as to whether it was permissible (for magistrates) to pray for the safety of the people.  This (annual) prayer could be said only on a day free of all wars.  Again 29. 63 CAH 10-825, OCD3 214
c.63 ?. Tullius CICERO governor? of Cisalpine Gaul from ?, replaced by Q. Caecilius METELLUS CELER. 63 atl1
62 DGRBM 2-1061
63 Consul M. Tullius CICERO writes  In Catilinam 1-4 . 63 B76 4-610
63 fall L.(2) MANLIUS TORQUATUS, proconsul of Macedonia from 64, returns to Rome. 63 wikLMT
c.63 C. MANLIUS is sent by Catiline to foment revolt in Italy. 63 atl1
c.63 fall Praetor P.(6) Cornelius Lentulus SURA believes a prediction of the  SIBYLLINE BOOKS V that "three Cornelii" would dominate Rome.  Sura then joins the Catiline conspiracy. 63 B76 VI-146, wikSB
63 Sep? 2nd Catiline conspiracy:  One the conspirators, C. Manlius, a Sullan centurion, assembles an army in Etruria.  Civil unrest is prepared in various parts of Italy.  A small slave revolt is planned in Capua.  Catiline is to lead the conspiracy in Rome, which involves arson and the murder of senators.  He is then to join Manlius in a march on Rome.  The plot is to start with the murder of Cicero by C. Cornelius and L. Vargunteius early on November 7. 63 B76 II-644, DGRBM 2-920, 3-1220, OCD 214, wik1Tr, wik2CC, wikTAR
63 Oct? 2nd Catiline conspiracy is disclosed by Fulvia, mistress of C.(3) Curios, to Cicero. 63 B76 II-644, DGRBM 3-1220, GHH, OCD 214, wikTAR
63 Oct? 2nd Catiline conspiracy is exposed by Cicero before the senate.  Cicero fills Mars Field with armed guards while election takes place. 63 B76 15-1105, Dur 3-110, MCAW 250, OCD 214, wikTAR
63 Oct? On exposure of 2nd Catiline conspiracy, conspirator M. Claudius MARCELLUS foments an insurrection among the Pelignians, but this is quickly suppressed by praetor, L. Bibulus.  Marcellus suicides. 63 DGRBM 2-936
63 Oct Senatus Consultum Ultimum authorizes the consuls to enforce martial law against rebellion of L. Sergius Catiline. 63 B76 4-607, unrv
63
Oct 21
Consul M. Tullius CICERO openly charges Catiline with treason, declares martial law.  Q. Lutatius Catulus supports Cicero. 63 B76 II-644, DGRBM 1-630, 656
63 Oct 27 Rebellion in Etruria fomented by C. Manlius. 63 DGRBM 1-631, atl1
63 Oct L. Saenius reports Manlius' revolt to senate. 63 atl1
c.63 Oct? Q.(7) Caecilius METELLUS CRETICUS is sent into Apulia to prevent a possible slave rebellion. 63 DGRBM 2-1064, atl1
63 Oct? Catiline supporters make an abortive attack on Praeneste. 63 atl1
63 Catiline partisan C. MANLIUS sends envoys to Q. Marcius Rex, asking for him and his men to be pardoned.  Marcius says surrender first and take your chances. 63 atl1
63 Catiline and other conspirators meet at M. Porcius Laeca's house.  Catiline reproaches them for inaction, and says he plans to go to the front after killing Cicero. 63 atl1
63 L. Sergius Catiline sends a letter to Q. Catulus, attempting to justify his position. 63 atl1
63 Nov 7 C. Cornelius and L. Vargunteius try and fail to kill Cicero at his home. 63 CAH 9-355, atl1
63 Nov 7 Consul M. Tullius CICERO summons the Senate to the temple of Jupiter Stator, claims that his guards chased away a band of Catiline assassins from his home last night, calls Catiline every name in the book. 63 CAH 9-355, Dur 3-143
c.63 L. Aemilius PAULUS Lepidus prepares to prosecute Catiline. 63 atl1
c.63 P.(8) Cornelius LENTULUS SPINTHER becomes curule aedile.  He presents great games, and helps Cicero against Catiline conspirators including his kinsman L. Lentulus Crus. 63 B76 VI-146, atl1, wikPCLS
63 L.(2) LICINIUS MURENA is candidate for consul.  Other candidate Servius(2) Sulpicius Lemonia Rufus and son Servius(3) Sulpicius Rufus charge him with ambitus (bribery).  Murena is supported by M.(6) Porcius Cato, Gn. Postumius, and defended by Q. Hortensius, M.(3) Licinius Crassus, and M. Tullius CICERO, who writes  Pro Murena .  He is acquitted. 63 B76 4-610, DGRBM 2-1122, 3-510, 946, atl1, bk
63 Servius(2) Sulpicius Lemonia Rufus loses election for consul. 63 CAH 9-413, DGRBM 2-946
63 Nov 8 Senate meets in temple of Jupiter Stator for added security.  Cicero delivers  In Catilinem , a speech so devastating to Catiline that Catiline freezes speechless, and people near him move away.  When it is Catiline's turn to speak, he is shouted down by the whole assembly. 63 DGRBM 1-631, wikCc
63 Nov 8 L. Sergius CATILINE leaves Rome by night under pretext of going into voluntary exile at Massilia.  but he goes to Manlius' band of destitute veterans in Etruria, and loses support of M.(2) Crassus and Caesar.  P.(6) Cornelius Lentulus Sura is now leader of conspirators in Rome. 63 B76 II-644, VI-146, 4-607, CAH 9-355, DGRBM 1-631, OCD 214, atl1, wik2CC
c.63 Nov 13 Catiline faces prosecution in the quaestio de vi, and bankruptcy when his creditors demand to be paid. 63 CAH 9-355
c.63 Nov Catiline conspirators M. Fulvius Bambalio, P. Clodius Pulcher and others leave Rome intending to join Catiline. 63 atl1
c.63 Nov Conspirator C. Cornelius CETHEGUS forms another plot to murder Cicero, as part of a general insurrection in Rome. 63 atl1
c.63 Nov Catiline conspirator praetor P.(6) Cornelius LENTULUS SURA instructs P. Umbrenus, a businessman with dealings in Gaul, to promise some Allobroge envoys to throw off the heavy yoke of their governor.  He brings P. Gabinius Capito, an equestrian conspirator, to meet them and the conspiracy is revealed to the envoys, who then inform their patron Q. Fabius Sanga, who informs Cicero, who tells the envoys to get tangible proof of the conspiracy.  The envoys ask the conspirators for letters to show their people that there was hope in a real conspiracy.  5 leading conspirators write letters to the Allobroges. 63
B76 II-644, CAH 9, DGRBM 3-706, OCD 214, atl1, wik2CC
63 Nv/Dc Catiline's agents are arrested thruout Italy by Q. Metellus and others . 63 atl1
63 Nv/Dc P. SESTIUS, quaestor to consul C.(1) Antonius, uses his army to prevent new tribunes from fomenting more unrest. 63 atl1
63 Dec 2-3 Milvian BridgeAllobroges holding letters are intercepted at night by Cicero's men under praetor C. Pomptinus at Milvian Bridge.  Conspirator T. Volturcius is also arrested.  M.(2) Crassus receives the letters. 63 B76 II-644, 4-607, CAH 9-356, DGRBM 3-495, OCD 214, atl1, wik2CC
c.63 Dec Q.(10) Caecilius METELLUS PIUS Scipio comes to Cicero by night, along with M.(2) Crassus and Marcellus, bringing with them letters relating to the Catiline conspiracy. 63 DGRBM 2-1062
63 Dec Consul M. Tullius CICERO shows the letters to the senate. 63 Dur 3-144, atl1, wik2CC
63 Dec 3 Catiline's conspirators, P.(6) Cornelius Lentulus Sura, Cethegus, P. Autroneus Paetus, M. Caeparius, and 3 others, are arrested by order of Cicero. 63 B76 VI-146, DGRBM 1-533, Dur 3-144, OCD 155, bk, trtMA
c.63 Dec Praetor P.(6) Cornelius LENTULUS SURA resignes. 63 atl1
63 Dec 5 Senate, convoked by Cicero, determines what to do with Catiline's conspirators.  M.(6) Porcius Cato, P.(1) Servilius Vatia, and M'(4) Acilius Glabrio say execute.  Consul designate D. Junius Silanus proposes the "extreme penalty".  L.(5) Julius Caesar votes for death.  His cousin C.(4) Julius Caesar says imprison.  Silanus backs up and says he meant imprisonment.  Debate follows.  Execution wins.  Cato becomes enemy of Caesar. 63 B76 II-644, 645, 4-607, CAH 9-357, DGRBM 1-647, 2-272, 3-1233, Dur 3-144, 170, OCD 988, wik2CC, wikELJC
63 Dec 5 The fate of the Catiline conspirators hangs on opinions of a praetor-elect and a tribune-elect, Caesar and Cato. 63 CAH 9-48
63 Dec 5 C.(4) Julius CAESAR, pontifex maximus, leaves senate house.  Some young aristocrats try to kill him. 63 Dur 3-144
63 Dec 5 Fearing that other conspirators might try to free Catiline's 5 conspirators, consul CICERO takes armed guards to the Mamertine Prison and has them strangled. 63 B76 II-644, DGRBM 2-730, Dur 3-110, 144, MCAW 250, OCD 214, 235, wik2CC
63 Dec 10 Q.(9) Caecilius METELLUS NEPOS and M.(6) Porcius CATO, campaign against Cicero, whom Nepos accuses before the people of having illegally executed some accomplices of Catiline without trial during the Catiline Conspiracy.  Nepos and colleague Bestia and Julius Caesar, now a praetor, prevent Cicero from making a speech on the last day of his consulship, restricting him to the customary oath on giving up office.  Cicero instead pronounces an oath of his own, swearing that he had saved his country and maintained its supremacy. 63 wikQ9MN
63 Dec L. Sergius CATILINE learns of the execution of his comerades.  He leads his forces intending to escape to northern Italy. 63 wik1Tr
63 Dec Allobroge envoys are given empty promises by senate.  They return to Narbonensis. 63 B76 7-960
63 Dec Q.(8) Caecilius METELLUS CELER controls the Picentine and Senonian districts.  By blocking the passes he prevents Catiline from crossing the Apennines and entering Gaul. 63 DGRBM 2-1061
63 Dec Q.(9) Caecilius Metellus Nepos tries to prevent Cicero from making a statement at end of his year as consul. 63 atl1
63 Dec Pleb tribune designates Q.(9) Caecilius Metellus Nepos, supported by Pompey and L.(2) Calpurnius Bestia, supported by Caesar, attack actions of Cicero, who comes close to being tried.  The senate is also attacked because it did not have legal right to condemn citizens without a trial before the people. 63 DGRBM 2-1061, wik1Tr
63 Dec Consul CICERO retires from consulship, thanked by the propertied class, hailed as immortal, escorted home in honor. 63 Dur 3-145
63/2 C.(4) Julius CAESAR proposes that Catullus, a prominent optimate, be relieved form restoring the capitol (burnt 83) including the temple of Jupiter, and that the job be given to Pompey.  The optimates strongly oppose.  Caesar drops the issue. 63/2 wik1Tr 62 DGRBM 1-542

Italy 62-53
V