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c.200 C. Cornelius CETHEGUS is proconsul in Spain. 200 DGRBM 1-675
c.199 L. STERTINIUS is sent as proconsul to Farther Spain until 196. 199 DGRBM 3-907
c.199 L. Manlius ACIDINUS proconsul in Spain from 206, returns to Rome. 199 DGRBM 1-12
c.197 COLCHAS, chief of some Spaniards, ally of Rome from ? rebels against Rome.  Gets 17 towns to join him.  Rebellion spreads and continues until 195. 197 DGRBM 1-813, atl2
c.197 Chieftain Luxinius rebels in Spain. 197 atl2
c.197 The TURDETANI of south central Spain rebel against Rome. 197 CAH 8, wikTr
c.197 The 2 regular legions from 197 to 187 include 10,800 citizen troops plus an average of 7,900 allied troops (including 400 cavalry). 197 CAH 8-126
c.197 Praetor M. HELVIUS BLASIO arrives in Farther Spain until 195, finds it in turmoil. 197 DGRBM 1-492, rcIb
c.197 Praetor C. Sempronius TUDITANUS arrives in Nearer Spain until death 197. 197 DGRBM 3-1181, rcIb
c.197 Romans impose general levies in goods and money on Spaniards. 197 CAH 9-21
c.197 CARMO is first mentioned as one of the headquarters of the rebellion in Baeturia. 197 DGRG 1-521
c.197 Praetor C. Sempronius Tuditanus, in Nearer Spain, currently a pontifex, is defeated, wounded in battle, and dies of it. 197 DGRBM 3-1181, atl2
c.197 SPAIN under Rome from 206, divided into 2 provinces:  NEARER SPAIN, annexed 201, is Rome's 3rd province.  FARTHER SPAIN (Baetica), is Rome's 4th province.  Both are governed by praetors, now Gn. Cornelius Blasio and L. Stertinius. 205 LEWH 102
198 LdHR 2-52
197 B76 15-1095, CAH 8, IDB 4-430
Sources often confuse whether a particular Roman is assigned to Nearer or Farther Spain.
c.197 TAXES:  Whereas Spain pays vectigal stipendarium (fixed taxes), Sicily pays decumae (tithes). 197 SORH
c.197 Roman troops in Spain withdrawn, leaving only Latin, Italian and Spanish allies.  This decision is a mistake. 205 CAH 8-122
c.196 Praetor Q. FABIUS BUTEO with 1 legion arrives in Farther Spain until 195. 196 DGRBM 1-519, rcIb
c.196 Praetor Q. Minucius THERMUS with 1 legion arrives in Nearer Spain until 195.  He is successful against the Torboletae inland from Saguntum. 196 CAH 8-123, DGRBM 3-1097, rcIb
c.196 L. STERTINIUS, proconsul of Farther Spain from 199, with 50,000 lbs of Spanish silver, returns to Rome. 196 DGRBM 3-907
c.195 Former Carthaginian colonies in SPAIN break into general rebellion against Romans. 195 Dur 3-87
c.195 Praetor Ap. Claudius Nero arrives in Farther Spain until 194. 195 rcIb
c.195 Praetor M. HELVIUS BLASIO returning from Farther Spain thru Nearer Spain, guarded by 6,000 troops given by Ap. Claudius Nero, attacked by 20,000 Celtiberi near Illiturgi.  Blasio defeats them, killing 12,000, and takes Illiturgi. no date: DGRBM 1-492
c.195 Praetor M. Helvius BLASIO in Spain from 197, returns to Rome. 196 rcIb
195 DGRBM 1-492
c.195 Praetor Q. FABIUS BUTEO in Farther Spain from 196, ends. 195 rcIb
c.195 Consul M. Porcius CATO with 2 extra legions sent to quell rebellions in Nearer Spain, arrives at Emporiae.  He is immmediately opposed at the ports of Rhode and Emporiae.  The llergetes of King Bilistages are the only obedient Spaniards left north of the Ebro. 196/5 CAH 8-123 195 B76 II-645, CAH 8, Dur 3-87, LdHR 2-52, atl2, wikTr
c.195 The BERGISTANI, a small people of Hispania Tarraconensis, rebel. 195 DGRG 1-392
c.195 Consul M. Porcius CATO defeats Spanish rebels near Emporiae. 195 B76 II-645, Dur 3-87, MCAW, atl2
c.195 Spanish rebellion from 197 suppressed by Consul M. Porcius Cato, Q. Minucius Thermus, and others. 195 DGRBM 1-813, GHH, HRR
c.195 Q. Minucius Thermus, praetor in Nearer Spain from 196, ends.  P. Manlius succeeds until 194. 195 rcIb
c.195 Nearer Spain suppressed by Consul M. Porcius Cato. 195 SORH
c.195 Consul M. Porcius CATO orders walls of all Spanish cities to be demolished. 195 atl2
c.194 M. Porcius CATO crosses south of the Ebro. 194 atl2
c.194 M. Porcius CATO fails to bring Turdetani and their Celtiberian allies to battle. 194 atl2
c.194 Praetor Ap. Claudius Nero, in Farther Spain from 195, ends. 194 rcIb
c.194 M. Porcius CATO fails to capture either Seguntia (Sigienza) or Numantia, and returns down the Ebro valley to deal with the still rebellious Lacetani and Bergistani in Catalonia, whom he subdues. 194
CAH 8-124, atl2
c.194 Praetor P. Cornelius SCIPIO NASICA arrives in Farther Spain until 193. 194 DGRBM 1-639, 3-751, OCD 962, rcIb
c.194 Q. P. Manlius, praetor in Nearer Spain from 195, ends.  Praetor Sextus DIGITIUS succeeds until 193 in south. 194 DGRBM 1-1005, rcIb
c.194 M. Porcius CATO, in Spain from 195, leaves 2 praetors in charge of the 2 provinces, returns to Rome. 194 CAH 8-124, atl2, wikTr
c.194 After Cato leaves, the LUSITANI of west Spain war with Romans until ?. 194 CAH 8
194/3 Praetor SCIPIO NASICA while in winter quarters, makes his soldiers build ships. early 193 atl2
c.193 Praetor Sex. Digitius is defeated by Spanish rebels in several battles, but P. Cornelius Scipio Nasica prevents rebellion from spreading. 193 atl2
c.193 Sextus Digitius, praetor in Nearer Spain from 194, ends.  C. Flaminius succeeds until 188. 193 rcIb
c.193 Praetor M. Fulvius NOBILIOR arrives in Nearer Spain with the title of proconsul until 191. 193 OCD 736
Farther Spain 193 DGRBM 2-1206, rcIb
c.193 Praetor C.(2) FLAMINIUS with a fresh army arrives in Nearer Spain, with orders to send the veterans back. 193 DGRBM 2-168
c.193 The Oretani around the upper Guadiana (Anas); and still farther north, the Carpetani, Vettones and Vaccae, are all defeated at Toletum by Nobilior. 193 CAH 8-124
c.193 Praetor P. Cornelius SCIPIO NASICA in Farther Spain from 194, ends. 193 rcIb
c.193 TOLETUM capital of Carpentia taken by Nobilior, under Rome until ?. 193 B76 X-30
c.192 C. Flaminius and M. Fulvius fight successfully against Spanish rebels. 192 atl2
c.191 Praetor L. Aemilius PAULUS arrives in Farther Spain with title of proconsul until 189. 191 DGRBM 3-154, CDCC 15, rcIb
c.191 Praetor M. Fulvius NOBILIOR Farther Spain from 193, ends. 191 rcIb
c.190 L. Aemilius Paulus is defeated by Lusitani at Lyco in Baetica.  He loses 6,000 men. 190 DGRBM 3-154, atl2
c.190 L. Aemilius Paulus grants liberty and land to occupy to the Servi of the Hastenses living in the Turris Lascutana. 190 CAH 9-22
c.189 L. Aemilius Paulus defeats the Lusitani again. 189 DGRBM 3-154, atl2
c.189 Praetor L. Plautius HYPSAEUS arrives in Nearer Spain. 189 DGRBM 2-540
c.189 Praetor L. Aemilius PAULUS, in Spain from 191, returns to Rome. 189 DGRBM 3-154, CDCC 15    188 rcIb
c.188 Praetor L. Manlius ACIDINUS FULVIANUS, with an extra allotment of 6,400 allied troops arrives in Nearer Spain until 186. 188 DGRBM 1-13
c.188 C. Flaminius, praetor in Nearer Spain from 193, ends.  L. Manlius Acidinus succeeds until 186. 188 rcIb
c.188 Praetor C. Atinius arrives in Farther Spain until 186. 188 rcIb
c.187 The number of regular legions in Spain is increased from 2 (10,800 citizen troops plus 7,900 allied troops including 400 cavalry) to 4 until 172.  The 4 legions have 6,300 allies including 300 cavalry per legion 187 CAH 8-124, 126
c.186 Praetor C. Calpurnius PISO arrives in Farther Spain until 184.  L. Juventius Thalna is his legate. 186 CAH 8-124, DGRBM 3-372, rcIb     185 DGRBM 3-1020
c.186 Praetor L. Quinctius Pennus CRISPINUS arrives in Nearer Spain until 184. 186 CAH 8-124, DGRBM 1-891
c.186 Praetors PISO and CRISPINUS co-operate (unusual among praetors) and are able to fight successfully on the River Tagus in Carpetani land. 186 CAH 8-124
c.186 Celtiberi and Lusitani supposedly attack territory of unspecified Roman allies, but this is probably a convenient pretext. 186 CAH 8-126
c.186 Praetor L. Manlius ACIDINUS FULVIANUS attacks and defeats the Celtiberi. 186 DGRBM 1-13, atl2     185 GHH
c.186 Praetors C. Atinius and L. Manlius fight successfully against Spanish rebels. 186 atl2
c.186 Praetor L. Manlius ACIDINUS FULVIANUS in Nearer Spain from 188, returns to RomePraetor L. Quintius Crispinus succeeds until 184. 186 DGRBM 1-13, atl2, rcIb
c.186 Praetor C. Atinius in Farther Spain from 188, ends. 186 rcIb
c.185 Praetors C. Calpurnius and L. Quinctius Pennus Crispinus suffer an initial defeat, then win a victory over Spanish rebels. 185 SORH atl2
c.185 Praetor C. Calpurnius defeats the Lusitani. 185 SORH
c.184 Praetor A. Terentius VARRO arrives in Nearer Spain until 182. 184 DGRBM 3-1222, rcIb
c.184 Praetor L. Quinctius Pennus CRISPINUS in Spain from 186, returns to Rome. 184 DGRBM 1-891, rcIb
c.184 Praetor C. Calpurnius PISO, in Farther Spain from 186, propraetor from 185, returns to Rome. 184 DGRBM 3-372, rcIb
c.184 Praetor P. Sempronius Longus arrives in Farther Spain until 182. 184 rcIb
c.184 Consul Cato the Elder induces the Celtiberi and smaller tribes, by a stratagem, to demolish their town defences, and to place themselves in his power, which he used with such justice and moderation as to win their hearts. 184 DGRG 1-1079
c.183 Celtiberi invade far into Roman controled territory, including the territory of the Ausetani. 183 CAH 8-124, 126
c.183 A. Terentius defeats the Celtiberi in territory of Ausetani. 183 atl2
c.182 Praetor Q.(2) Fulvius FLACCUS arrives in Nearer Spain until 180.  His bro Marcus is legate.  He opens war with the Celtiberi until 179. 182 CAH 8-125, DGRBM 2-154, OCD 440, rcIb
181 CAH 8, OCD 218
c.182 Praetor A Terentius VARRO in Nearer Spain from 184, returns to Rome. 182 DGRBM 3-1222, rcIb
c.182 Praetor P. Manlius arrives in Farther Spain until 180. 182 rcIb
c.182 Praetor P. Sempronius Longus in Farther Spain from 184, ends. 182 rcIb
c.182 Town of Urbicna, under Celtiberi from ?, taken by Q. Fulvius FLACCUS-2. 182 DGRBM 2-154, atl2
c.181 The CELTIBERI rebel until 179, raid into territory of the Carpetani. 181 CAH 8-126, DGRG 1-582
c.181 More fighting with the Lusitani. 181 CAH 8-125
c.181 Q. Fulvius FLACCUS(2) defeats Celtiberi near Aebura and captures Contrebia.  23,000 Celtiberi killed, 4,000 taken prisoner. 181 SORH, atl2
no date: DGRBM 2-154
c.181 Praetor Q. Fulvius FLACCUS-2 extends his invasion to more distant parts of Celtiberia which had not surrendered. 181 CAH 8-125
c.181 SPAIN:  Romans advance north. 181 CAH 8
c.180 Praetor Q. Fulvius FLACCUS-2 vows a temple to goddess Fortuna during a battle against the Celtiberi. 180 DGRBM 2-42
c.180 L. Minucius is legate of praetor Q, Fulvius Flaccus in Nearer Spain. 180 DGRBM 2-1092
c.180 Praetor P. Manlius, in Farther Spain from 182, ends. 180 rcIb
c.180 Praetor Ti. Sempronius GRACCHUS arrives in Spain until 179. 181 DGRBM 2-288
180 CAH 8, rcIb     179 MCAW
c.180 Praetor Q.(2) Fulvius FLACCUS in Nearer Spain from 181, returns to Rome.  Ti. Sempronius GRACCHUS succeeds until 178, taking over the campaign against the Celtiberi. 180 CAH 8-125, CDCC 176, OCD 472, rcIb     179 CAH 9-20
c.180 Praetor L. Postumius ALBINUS arrives in Farther Spain until 178. 180 DGRBM 1-91, rcIb
c.179 CELTIBERI, at war with Rome from 181, defeated and pacified by Ti. Sempronius GRACCHUS, who makes friends with tribal chiefs and gives land to poor. 179 CAH 8, DGRBM 2-1207, DGRG 1-582, Dur 3-87, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-55, atl2 178 CAH 8, atl2
c.179 CELTIBERI / Rome  Treaty  lasts until 155. 179 CAH 8, Dur 3-87, LdHR 2-55, SORH     178 CAH 8, atl2
c.179 GRACCHUS policy:  Enlist noteworthy Celtiberi.  Settle new towns.  Establish fair treaties. 179 SORH
c.179 Praetor L. Postumius Albinus defeats the Vaccae and Lusitani. 179 CAH 8, atl2
c.178 GRACCHURIS founded on the upper Ebro by Ti. Gracchus.  He is the 1st Roman to name a city after himself.  Sources don't say who lived there. 178 CAH 8-128
c.178 Praetor M. TITINIUS arrives in Nearer Spain with title of proconsul until 174. 178 DGRBM 3-1158
c.178 Ti. Sempronius GRACCHUS, in Spain from 180, returns with loot including 40,000 lbs of silver to RomePraetor M. Titinius Curvus succeeds in Nearer Spain until 176. 178 CAH 9-20, CDCC 176, DGRBM 2-289, rcIb
c.178 Praetor T. Fonteius CAPITO arrives in Farther Spain. 178 DGRBM 1-602
c.178 Praetor L. Postumius ALBINUS in Farther Spain from 180 returns to Rome. 178 DGRBM 1-92, rcIb
c.177 Praetor M. Claudius MARCELLUS arrives in Spain. 177 DGRBM 2-932
c.176 Q. Fulvius FLACCUS vows a temple of Fortuna Equestris in a battle against the Celtiberi.  He will build it in 173. 176 DGRG 2-834
c.176 M. Titinius Curvus, praetor in Nearer Spain from 178, ends. 176 rcIb
c.175 Celtiberi rebel briefly. 175 CAH 8
c.175 Praetor Appius CLAUDIUS CENTHO arrives in Nearer Spain. 175 DGRBM 1-769
c.174 Praetor Gn. Servilius CAEPIO(2) arrives in Farther Spain. 174 DGRBM 1-534
c.174 Roman power in Spain:  North of the Ebro, it extends, as before 197, to the Ilergetes, while in the Ebro valley the limit is farther west, at Calaguris (Calahorra) or a little higher.  South of the Ebro, most of the Celtiberi, and all who lived between the Celtiberi and south-east coast, are subject to Rome.  So are the Carpetani and Vettones, whose territories lay astride the Tagus farther west; and so probably are their northern neighbors, the Vaccae.  Yet none of these 3 peoples is completely subdued.  The Lusitani remain independent.  Roman control beyond the Guadiana (Anas) is probably limited to the Cunei in the extreme south of Portugal.  The Cunei were Roman subjects before 174. 174 CAH 8-127
c.174 Praetor P. Furius PHILUS arrives in Nearer Spain until 173. 174 DGRBM 3-335, rcIb
c.174 M. TITINIUS, proconsul of Nearer Spain from 178, returns to Rome. 174 DGRBM 3-1158
c.174 Praetor Ap. Claudius CENTHO defeats the Celtiberi. 175 DGRBM 1-769    174 atl2
c.174 Roman wars in Spain end. 174 CAH 8
c.173 Praetor M. MATIENUS arrives in Farther Spain until 172.  he plunders and oppresses it. 173 DGRBM 2-973
c.173 Spain is mostly peaceful from now until 155. 173 CAH 8-131
c.173 Praetor P. Furius PHILUS, in Nearer Spain from 174, ends. 173 rcIb
c.173 Praetor L. Mancinus, in Farther Spain from ?, ends. 173 rcIb
c.172 Praetor Sp. LUCRETIUS arrives in Farther Spain. 172 DGRBM 2-828
c.172 Praetor M. Junius PENNUS arrives in Nearer Spain.  Reinforcements for his army, which he urgently demands from the senate, do not arrive till he has to give up the province to his successor. 172 DGRBM 3-184
c.171 Praetor L. Canulieius DIVES, arrives in Spain. 171 DGRBM 1-1057
c.171 Praetor M. MATIENUS, in Farther Spain from 173, returns to Rome. 171 CAH 8-131, DGRBM 1-641, 1057, SORH, atl2 no date: DGRBM 2-973
c.171 Tax in Spain set at 1/20 instead of the usual 1/10 because of the infertility of the country. 171 CDGRA 228
c.171 Roman soldiers who had married Spanish women, and now have over 4,000 mixed children, send envoys to Rome, requesting a town of their own. 171 DGRBM 1-1057
c.171 CARTEIA on coast of Spain near Gibraltar founded with 6,000 Roman soldiers who had married Spanish women.  This is the 1st Latin colony outside of Italy. 171 B76 15-1098, CAH 8-128, 9-22, DGRG 1-527, MCAW, OCD 208
c.170 Olonicus leads a rebellion in Nearer Spain. 170 CAH 8, atl2
c.169 Praetor M.(7) Claudius MARCELLUS becomes commander in both provinces of Spain until 168.  He intervenes in the levies. 169 OCD 646, rcIb
c.168 Praetor M.(7) Claudius MARCELLUS commander in both provinces of Spain from 169, ends. 168 OCD 646, rcIb
c.167 Praetor Gn. Fulvius GILLO arrives in Nearer Spain. 167 DGRBM 2-268
c.167 6 praetors arrive in Farther Spain.  They include ???. 167 DGRBM 2-1168
c.166 Praetor A. Licinius NERVA arrives in Spain. 166 DGRBM 2-1168
c.166 The LUSITANI fight Romans until 160. 166 CAH 8-131
c.158 SAURMAG, king of Iberians from ?, dies.  MIRVAN succeeds until 108. 158 atl2
c.155 Praetor M. Manlius arrives in Farther Spain until 154. 155 rcIb
c.154 Praetor L. Calpurnius PISO Caesoninus arrives in Farther Spain until 153. 154 DGRBM 3-372, rcIb
c.154 Punicus leads the Lusitani in revolt and defeats both praetors in a single battle. 154 CAH 8-132, DGRBM 3-372, atl2
c.154 Roman conquest south of Lusitania:  LUSITANIAN WAR with Rome begins until 138. 155 Dur 3-20     154 CAH 8, Dur 3-87, atl2, bk, wikTAR
c.154 The AREVACI, inspired by Lusitanian success, also rebel. 154 CAH 8-132
c.154 Praetor L. MUMMIUS arrives in Farther Spain until 152. 154 DGRBM 2-1119 153 rcIb
c.154 Senate declares war on Celtiberi because of enlargement of the town of Segeda.  War lasts until 151. 154 CAH 8, atl2
153 DGRG 1-582, 1080, GHH
c.153 Praetor L. Calpurnius PISO Caesoninus, in Farther Spain from 154, ends. 153 rcIb
c.153 CELTIBERI form a coalition of Arevaci, Belli, and Titthi.  War with Romans lasts until 151. 153 CAH 8, CDCC 176, GHH, HRR, OCD 218, atl2
c.153 Lusitani defeat praetor L. Mummius. 153 atl2
c.153 Consul Q. Fulvius NOBILIOR arrives in Nearer Spain until 152. 153 CAH 8-132, rcIb
c.153 6,000 Roman soldiers ambushed and killed by Celtiberi, led by (?) Carus. 153 atl2
c.153 Consul Q. Fulvius Nobilior is repulsed by Celtiberi at Numantia. 153 CAH 8, DGRG 1-1080, SORH, atl2
c.153 Lusitani raid neighboring territories, but are checked by praetor L. Mummius. 153 atl2
c.153 Praetor L. MUMMIUS defeats the Lusitani and Blasto-Phoenicians. 153 DGRBM 2-1119, SORH
c.153 Celtiberi ambush Roman cavalry reinforcements, and kill their leader Blesius. 153 atl2
c.153/2 Consul Q. Fulvius Nobilior spends winter in camp in Spain. 153 atl2
c.152 Praetor L. MUMMIUS in Farther Spain from 154, ends. 152 rcIb
c.152 Q. Fulvius Nobilior, in Spain from 153, relieved by Consul M. Claudius MARCELLUS(3).  Marcellus until 151.  Marcellus opens negotiations with Celtiberi. 152 CAH 8, CDCC 617, DGRBM 2-932, GHH, HRR, OCD 646, rcIb
c.152 Consul M. Claudius MARCELLUS(3) subdues the Celtiberi, then turns against the Lusitani. 152 atl2
no date: DGRBM 2-932, OCD 646
c.152 CORDOBA founded by M. Claudius MARCELLUS(3).  Becomes Roman colony until 510.  Used as winter quarters by Marcellus. 169 OCD 646
152 B76 III-146, 5-171, OCD 289, SORH, atl2
c.152 Praetor M. ATILIUS SERRANUS arrives in Farther Spain until 151. 152 CAH 8-133, DGRBM 3-788, rcIb
c.152 Praetor M. ATILIUS SERRANUS defeats Lusitani, takes their main city, Oxthracae (which doesn't appear on any map I found). 152 CAH 8-133, DGRBM 3-788, atl2
c.152 Consul M. Claudius MARCELLUS(3) captures Nertobriga (Tarraconense) in Celtiberia. 152 atl2
c.152 Lusitani resume resistance to Rome. 152 atl2
c.152 Consul M. Claudius MARCELLUS(3) begins negotiating with Celtiberi. 152 CAH 8
c.152 M. Marcellus extracts 3,600,000 denarii tribute from Celtiberia. 152 CAH 9-22
c.151 Celtiberi send envoys to Rome. 151 CAH 8-132, atl2
c.151 Celtiberi surrender to M. Claudius MARCELLUSCELTIBERI WAR from 153 suspended until 143.  Marcellus negotiates a fair and liberal peace (which the senate will reject). 151 CAH 8-132, atl2
149 CDCC 176
c.151 Consul L. Licinius LUCULLUS enters Spain. 151 GHH, HRR
c.151 M. Claudius MARCELLUS governor of Nearer Spain from 150, returns to Rome.  Consul L. Licinius LUCULLUS succeeds until 150?.  He finds the Celtiberi already pacified.  He violates the treaty of 179 by attacking the Vaccae and Cauci without pretext for slaves and plunder. 151 CAH 8, DGRBM 2-831, DGRG 1-1080, Dur 3-87, LdHR 2-106, OCD 624, 646, SORH, rcIb
c.151 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS is sent to Spain to serve under Lucullus as military tribune.  Polybius accompanies. 151 CDCC 703, OCD 963, 853
c.151 Consul L. Licinius LUCULLUS orders execution of 20,000 men at the Vaccaean city of Cauca, almost the whole adult male population, in spite of their having surrendered. 151
CAH 8-137, HRR, atl2
c.151 Praetor Servius Sulpicius GALBA arrives in Farther Spain until 149.  He hastens to relieve some Roman subjects who are pressed by the Lusitani. 151 DGRBM 2-205, HRR, rcIb
c.151 Praetor Servius Sulpicius GALBA invades Lusitania, routs the Lusitani, but his undisciplined army pursues carelessly and is defeated.  7,000 Romans are killed.  Galba escapes over the mountains into Baetica, collects the remnant of his army and allies, and winters at Conistorgis. 151 DGRBM 2-205, 3-1269, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-106, SORH, atl2
c.151 Praetor M. ATILIUS SERRANUS, in Farther Spain from 152, ends. 151 rcIb
c.151 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS kills a Spanish chief who challenged him to in single combat during siege of Intercatia. 151 B76 16-394, atl2
c.151 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS is 1st over the wall in assault on Intercatia. 151 B76 16-394, atl2
c.151 INTERCATIA, besieged by L. Licinius LUCULLUS from ?, falls. 151 atl2
c.151 Consul L. Licinius LUCULLUS fails to capture Pallantia, main town of the Vaccae in north Tarraconensis. 151 LdHR 2-106, atl2
c.151 L. Licinius LUCULLUS defeats the Cantabri. 151 GHH, HRR
c.151/0 Consul L. Licinius LUCULLUS winters in Turdetania south Spain. 151/0 DGRBM 2-831
c.150 Servius Sulpicius GALBA governor of Farther Spain, marches from the south into Lusitania, and ravages the country.  The Lusitani send an embassy to him, repenting of having violated their treaty with Atilius, and promise to observe it.  Galba tells the Lusitani that if they will leave the mountains and separate into 3 parts, and meet him at specified places, he will assign fertile lands to each group, as Gracchus had done.  Lusitani comply.  Galba attacks each group individually, massacres or enslaves 7,000 of them  A few, including Viriathus, escape. 150
CAH 8-137, spring DGRBM 2-205, 3-1269,
Dur 3-87, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-106, MCAW, SORH, atl2
c.150 Proconsul L. Licinius LUCULLUS invades Lusitania from the north, at the same time with Ser. Galba from the south. 150 spring DGRBM 2-831, 3-1269, LdHR 2-106
c.150 L. Licinius LUCULLUS campaigns against Lusitani near Gades and Turdetania. 150 atl2
c.150 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS sent by Lucullus to Africa to get elephants from Masinissa.  Polybius accompanies. 151 CDCC 703 150 B76 16-394
c.149 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS becomes military tribune in Spain again until 148. 149 OCD 963
c.149 Praetor Servius Sulpicius GALBA, in Farther Spain from 150, ends. 149 rcIb
c.149 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS, now a tribune with an army, again sails to Africa. 149 B76 16-394
c.148 Praetor C. VETILIUS with 10,000 inf and 1300 cav arrives in Farther Spain until 147. Appian: Hisp 64a
149 LdHR 2-131
147 DGRBM 3-1249
c.148 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS returns with African cavalry commander Phameas to Rome. 148 B76 16-395 atl2
c.148 VIRIATHUS, a survivor of the Lusitanian massacre, kills a Roman governor, becomes leader of a Lusitanian army. 148 MCAW, GHH, HRR, wikVr
c.147 VIRIATHUS, becomes king of Lusitania until 139. 148 atl2
147 CAH 8, CDCC 931
c.147 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, has victories against Romans until 140. 149 SORH     148 GHH
147 CAH 8, Dur 3-20, vrb
c.147 VIRIATHUS of Lusitania invades Turdetania in Farther Spain. 147 CAH 8-133, DGRBM 3-1269
c.147 VIRIATHUS of Lusitania overruns the fruitful country of Carpetania without hindrance. Appian: Hisp 64a 147 atl2
c.147 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, ravaging Turdetania, is attacked by propraetor C. or M. Vetilius, defeated, and obliged to take refuge in a fortress, which the Romans besiege. 147 DGRBM 3-1269
c.147 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, escapes from praetor C. Vetilius. 147 atl2
c.147 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, defeats praetor C. Vetilius, captures and kills him. 149 SORH     147 CDCC 931, DGRBM 3-1249, 1269, atl2, rcIb
c.147 C. PLAUTIUS arrives in Farther Spain until 146. 147 rcIb
146 DGRBM 3-1269
c.146 At arrival of C. Plautius, Viriathus abandons Carpetania and retreats into Lusitania.  Plautius crosses the Tagus in pursuit of him. 146 DGRBM 3-1269
c.146 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, attacks 4,000 under C. Plautius fortifying camp on a mountain south of the Tagus, destroys it.  Plautius is so disheartened that he retreats to winter quarters, though it is still mid summer. 146 DGRBM 3-1269, atl2
c.146 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, ravages land of the Roman allies, compells inhabitants to pay to him the full value of their crops, or be destroyed.  He also takes Segobriga, chief town of the Celtiberi. 146 DGRBM 3-1269
c.146 C. PLAUTIUS, in Farther Spain from 147, ends. 146 rcIb
c.146 POLYBIUS sails in the Atlantic. 146 B76 8-389
c.146 Claudius Unimanus, arrives in Nearer Spain until 143. 146 rcIb
c.145 Consul Q. FABIUS Maximus AEMILIANUS is sent with 2 fresh legions to command of Roman army in both provinces of Spain until 143.  Fabius arrives in mid summer.  Because his raw troops need further training, he leaves his army under his legate, while he goes to Gades to sacrifice to Hercules. 145 DGRBM 3-1269, GHH, HRR, atl2, rcIb
c.145 While Q. Fabius is in Gades, VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, defeats some Roman foragers. 145 DGRBM 3-1270, atl2
c.145 Praetor C. LAELIUS Sapiens, friend of Scipio Aemilianus, arrives in Spain. 145 B76 V-984, OCD 576
c.144 Wedding of Viriathus. 144 atl2
c.144 C. LAELIUS Sapiens defeats Viriathus. 145 SRH, atl2     144 CDCC 931
c.144 C.(2) LAELIUS Sapiens in Nearer Spain from 145, returns to Rome. 144 LdHR 2-132
c.144 Q. FABIUS Maximus Aemilianus defeats Viriathus, drives him out of Roman dominions.  Viriathus escapes to town of Baecor (Baecula? Bailen?). 144 CAH 8-133, DGRBM 3-1270, SORH, atl2
c.144/3 Q. FABIUS Maximus Aemilianus winters at Cordoba. 144/3 CAH 8-133,
DGRBM 3-1270, SORH, atl2
c.143 Q. FABIUS Maximus Aemilianus, proconsul in Farther Spain from 145, succeeded by praetor Q. Pompeius until 142. 144 rcIb
143 DGRBM 3-1270
c.143 Praetor Q. Quinctius in Farther Spain is repeatedly defeated, and takes refuge in Cordoba. 143 SORH
c.143 CELTIBERI of Numantia, peaceful from 151, rebel.
CELTIBERI (Numantine) WAR begins until 133.
145 CDCC 176     144 SORH     144/3 CAH 8-134     143 DGRG 1-198, 582, GHH, HRR, LEWH 102, OCD 218, atl2, vrb
c.143 Consul Q. Caecilius METELLUS MACEDONICUS arrives in Nearer Spain to fight Celtiberi, remains commander until 141. 143 B76 VI-836, DGRBM 2-1057, 3-1270, DGRG 1-1080, OCD 677, rcIb
c.143 Q. COTIUS, legate of consul Q. Caecilius Metellus kills 2 Celtiberi in single combat. 143 DGRBM 1-866
c.143 Consul Q. Caecilius METELLUS MACEDONICUS subdues the Arevaci. 143 atl2
c.143 Praetor Q. Pompeius defeats Viriathus, pursues him to the mountain south of the Tagus.  Viriathus turns on Pompeius, and drives them back to their camp with a loss of 1,000 men and several standards.  This so disheartens Pompeius that he allows Viriathus to ravage the country around the Guadalquiver (Baetis) without resistance.  Pompeius retreats early in autumn to winter quarters at Cordoba. 143
CAH 8, DGRBM 3-1270, HRR
c.143 Viriathus defeats Claudius Unimanus. 147 SORH     143 atl2
c.143 Claudius Unimanus, in Nearer Spain from 146, ends. 145 rcIb
c.143 Viriathus overruns Farther Spain. 143 SORH
c.143 Consul Q. Caecilius METELLUS MACEDONICUS besieges Contrebia on the Tagus. 143 atl2
c.142 CELTIBERI suppressed except for their strongholds, Numantia and Termantia (Termes, just southeast of it) by Q. Caecilius METELLUS MACEDONICUS. 143 B76 VI-836 142 OCD 677, SORH
c.142 Q. Fabius Maximus SERVILIANUS with 2 new legions plus allies totaling 16,000 inf and 1600 cav arrives in Lusitania Spain to succeed Q. Pompeius.  C. Fannius Strabo is tribune under him.  Servilianus commands Farther Spain until 141/0. 143 rcIb
142 DGRBM 2-995, 3-922 1270, atl2
c.142 Q. Fabius Maximus SERVILIANUS repels an initial attack by Viriathus, compells him to retire into Lusitania, storms many of his cities, and exterminated several guerilla bands. 142 DGRBM 3-1270, atl2
c.142 Cotius defeats Celtiberi champion Tyresius in combat, but then lets him go as a friend. 142 atl2
c.142 VIRIATHUS, king of Lusitania 147-39, defeats Q. Fabius Maximus SERVILIANUS.  Bravery of Fannius enables Roman army to escape to Itucci. 142 CDCC 931, atl2
c.142 Numidian auxiliary force sent by Micipsa to help Servilianus in Spain against Viriathus. 142 DGRBM 2-1082
c.141 Consul Q. POMPEIUS arrives in Nearer Spain. 141 DGRBM 3-474, OCD 857, atl2
c.141 Q. Caecilius METELLUS MACEDONICUS commander in Nearer Spain from 143, returns to Rome.  Consul Q. POMPEIUS succeeds until 139. 141 DGRBM 2-1057, 3-474, OCD 857, atl2, rcIb
c.141 Consul Q. POMPEIUS unsuccessfully attacks Numantia, Celtiberi capital. 141 atl2
c.141 NUMANTIA, under Celtiberi, on both sides of the Douro, besieged by Q. Pompeius. 141 MCAW
c.141 Q. Fabius Maximus SERVILIANUS defeats Viriathus, captures several Lusitanian towns, plunders 5 cities in Baeturia which had collaborated with Viriathus, punishes 500 leading rebels. 141 CAH 8-136, atl2
c.141 Q. Fabius Maximus SERVILIANUS besieges Erisane (location unknown).  Viriathus enters Erisane by night, and at dawn sallies against the besiegers.  Romans lose many men, and are routed, trapped in a mountain pass, and surrounded.  Escape is impossible, and they surrender.  Viriathus makes treaty with Servilianus.  Romans can live, but must permit the Lusitani to retain undisturbed possession of their own territory, and recognize him as friend and ally of the Roman people. 141 CAH 8, DGRBM 3-1270, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-134, SORH, atl2 141/0
CAH 8-134
c.141 Consul Q. POMPEIUS attacks Termantia (Termes, just southeast of Numantia). 141 atl2
c.141 Consul Q. POMPEIUS captures Malia (east of Numantia near the Ebro). 141 atl2
c.141/0 Q. FABIUS Maximus SERVILIANUS, commander in Farther Spain from 142, stays on as proconsul until 140. 141/0 DGRBM 3-1270
c.140 Q. FABIUS Maximus SERVILIANUS, commander in Farther Spain from 142, is succeeded by his bro consul Q. Servilius CAEPIO until 138. 141/0 DGRBM 3-1270 140 GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-134, rcIb
c.140 Senate repudiates Servilianus' 141 treaty with Viriathus, authorizes Caepio to renew war against Lusitania. 140 early CAH 8-134 139 atl2
c.140 Consul Q. Servilius CAEPIO drives Viriathus, who has only a small force, from Carpetania to Galicia, and then turns to fight the Vettones and even the Callaeci in far north-west. 141/0 CAH 8-134 140 LdHR 2-134, SORH
c.140 Q. POMPEIUS defeated at Numantia. 140 atl2
c.140 Q. POMPEIUS negotiates unfavorable treaty with Celtiberi of Numantia.  Pompeius publicly demands unconditional surrender, but in private only demands hostages, the captives and deserters, and 30 talents.  The Numantines agree, and immediately pay part of the money. 140
CAH 9-61, OCD 857, SORH
139 atl2
c.140 Q. Occius is attacked by the Lusitani. 140 atl2
c.140/39 Q. POMPEIUS' army suffers severely during winter. 140/39 atl2
c.139 Q. POMPEIUS' army grants the Arevaci a favorable peace settlement. 139 CAH 8-134
c.139 Consul Q. Servilius CAEPIO arranges or encourages the murder of Viriathus. 139 CAH 8-134
c.139 VIRIATHUS king of Lusitania from 147, treacherously murdered by Audas and others due to Roman bribery.  TAUTALUS succeeds until ?. 140 B76 14-865, CDCC 931, GHH HRR, LdHR 2-134, MCAW, SORH
139 B76 15-1095, 17-404, CAH 8, CDCC 428, LEWH 102, atl2
138 B76 X-334, CAH 8-139
c.139 TAUTALUS king of Lusitania penetrates to the walls of Saguntum, but retreats at approach of Caepio.  He then surrenders. no date: LdHR 2-134
c.139 Q. Servilius CAEPIO concludes the war in Lusitania. 139 SORH
c.139 M. POPILLIUS LAENAS arrives in Nearer Spain to relieve Q. POMPEIUS, who now disowns his 140 treaty but doesn't give back the money, though it had all been witnessed by his own officers.  The senate supports him.  Siege of Numantia is resumed. 139 CDCC 617, DGRBM 3-474, GHH, HRR, SORH
c.138 Romans refuse to reward Viriathus' murderers. 138 atl2
c.138 M. POPILLIUS LAENAS attacks the Lusones. 138 atl2
c.138 Proconsul M. POPILLIUS LAENAS is defeated at Numantia. 138 DGRBM 2-708, SORH, atl2
c.138 Q. Servilius CAEPIO proconsul in Farther Spain from 140, succeeded by consul D. JUNIUS BRUTUS until 137/6. 139 rcIb     138 CAH 8, DGRBM 1-509, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-136
c.138 Consul D. JUNIUS BRUTUS first advances by rapid and violent steps to the Douro. 138 CAH 8-135
c.138 Consul D. Junius BRUTUS finishes the war against the Lusitani. 138 DGRG 1-1080, HRR
c.138 Roman conquest south of Lusitania:  LUSITANIA WAR with Rome from 154 ends until . 138 bk, wikTAR
c.138 VALENTIA founded by consul D. Junius BRUTUS for Spaniards who had fought under Viriathus and Brutobriga.  This is to pacify the locals. 138 CAH 9-22, DGRBM 1-509, LdHR 2-136, OCD 1104, SORH     137 atl2
for soldiers who had fought against Viriathus 138 CAH 8-139, DGRBM 1-509
c.138/7 Lusitania between the Tagus and the far north-west (territory conquered by D. Junius Brutus in 138 and 37. 138 GHH
138/7 CAH 8-138
c.137 Proconsul M. POPILLIUS LAENAS in Nearer Spain from 139, returns to Rome.  Consul C. Hostilius MANCINUS succeeds until 137, finds the army in disorder. 138 GHH, HRR 137 LdHR 2-133
c.137 Ti.(6) Sempronius GRACCHUS, age 30, is quaestor under Mancinus in Spain. 137 DGRBM 2-291, LdHR 2-173, OCD 473 no date: OCD 642
c.137 Consul C. Hostilius MANCINUS, having inherited a disordered army, is defeated several times by the Celtiberi of Numantia. 137 LdHR 2-133
c.137 D. BRUTUS, proconsul of Farther Spain, advances from the Douro to the Oblivio (Lethe? Limaea?).  His troops refuse to cross.  Brutus siezes the standard and enters the river alone.  His troops follow.  They invade Galicia under the Celtic Gallaeci. 138 B76 17-404, CAH 8-135       137 DGRG 1-1080, atl2
no date: DGRBM 1-509, OCD 642
c.137 GALICIA, under Celtic Gallaeci from ?, conquered by D. BRUTUS, for which he is named Gallaecus. 137 B76 IV-387
136 SORH
no date: OCD 642
c.137 D. BRUTUS Gallaecus, proconsul of Farther Spain, advances to river Minius (Minho) where he defeats the Bracari.  They cross and continue until they reach the Atlantic.  Troops are astonished to see the sun set on water. no date:
CAH 8-135, DGRBM 1-509
c.137 D. BRUTUS Gallaecus, proconsul in Spain 138-7/6, advances thru Lusitania. 137 CAH 8
no date: OCD 642
c.137 D. BRUTUS Gallaecus, proconsul of Farther Spain subdues Lusitania. 137 atl2
c.137 The Vaccae and Cantabri from the north and west march to relieve fellow Spaniards in Numantia.  Consul C. Hostilius MANCINUS learns of it and withdraws from the siege.  The Numantines pursue him. 137 LdHR 2-133
c.137 Consul C. Hostilius MANCINUS is trapped by Numantines.  He offers to surrender if his army, 20,000 men, is spared.  Numantines agree only if quaestor Ti.(6) Gracchus is held responsible to secure a peace treaty.  Gracchus agrees,  treaty  is made, and the army is saved. 137 B76 15-1099, CAH 8, 9-4, 61, CDCC 176, GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-133, MCAW, OCD 642, SORH, atl2, vrb no date: OCD 642
c.137 Consul C. Hostilius MANCINUS commander in Nearer Spain from 138, returns to Rome.  M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina succeeds until 136. 137 DGRBM 2-764, atl2
c.137 Consul M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina plunders Vaccae territory on the spurious pretext that they had helped their neighbors the Arevaci against Rome.  The senate tries to stop him, because enthusiasm for wars in this region had declined except among those who did so for loot. 137 CAH 8-135
c.137/6 M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina remains in Spain as proconsul 136. 137/6 DGRBM 2-764
c.136 Consul M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina besieges Pallantia, main town of the Vaccae in north Tarraconensis.  He does poorly, and sends for D. Brutus Gallaecus to help. 137 atl2
136 HRR, LdHR 2-136, SORH
c.136 D. BRUTUS Gallaecus turns to help his relative M. Aemilius Lepidus Porcina against the Vaccae around the upper Douro. 137 SORH
136 CAH 8-135
c.136 Consul M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina is defeated by the Vaccae.  He retreats, and his army is destroyed. 137 atl2     136 GHH, HRR, LdHR 2-136, SORH
c.136 D. Junius BRUTUS Gallaecus in Spain from 138, returns to Rome. 137/6 DGRBM 1-509     136 rcIb
c.136 Consul L. Furius PHILUS is sent to Spain until 135.  2 of his greatest enemies, Q. Metellus Macedonicus and Q. Pompeius are his legates that they might bear witness to his uprightness. 136 DGRBM 3-335, OCD 857, atl2, rcIb
c.136 Senate, on advice of Scipio Aemilianus and C. Hostilius Mancinus, rejects 137 Gracchan peace treaty in Spain.  Mancinus, with his own consent, is sent back to Spain as hostage.  He is delivered by Furius Philus to the Numantines, but Numantines refuse him. 137 GHH, HRR 136 DGRBM 3-335, atl2
no date:
OCD 642
c.136 M. Aemilius LEPIDUS Porcina in Spain from 137, returns to Rome. 136 HRR, LdHR 2-136, rcIb
c.135 Consul Q. Calpurnius PISO is sent to Numantia, in Spain until 134.  He does not attack the city, but contents himself with a plundering excursion into the territory of Pallantia, main town of the Vaccae in north Tarraconensis. 135 DGRBM 3-374, LdHR 2-136, atl2, rcIb
c.135 L. Furius PHILUS in Nearer Spain from 136, ends. 135 rcIb
c.135/4 Q. Calpurnius Piso winters in Carpetania. 135 atl2
c.134 Consul Scipio AEMILIANUS becomes commander in Spain until 132.  C. Marius is on his staff.  Scipio arrives in Nearer Spain with 60,000 men, the largest army yet. 134 B76 11-504, CAH 8-136, LdHR 2-139, SORH, atl2, rcIb
By 134 there remains independent only the peoples in the mountain range parallel to the north coast, and the Arevaci of Numantia.  The senate agrees to ignore the north coastal area. 134 CAH 8-135-6
c.134 Consul P.(10) Scipio AEMILIANUS expells all camp followers, restores discipline in Roman army. 134 LdHR 2-139, SORH, atl2
c.134 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS makes elaborate preparations to prevent supplies from being sent to Numantia, including a campaign against the Vaccae. 134 CAH 8-136, LdHR 2-139
c.134 Scipio AEMILIANUS attacks Pallantia, main town of the Vaccae in north Tarraconensis.  He rescues Rutilius Rufus from an ambush. 134 atl2
c.134 Q. Calpurnius PISO in Nearer Spain from 135, ends. 134 rcIb
c.134 JUGURTHA, neph of Micipsa king of Numidia, with 12 elephants and archers and slingers, sent to Spain, joins Scipio Aemilianus in Numantine territory. 134 DGRBM 2-638, LdHR 2-139, atl2
c.134 Consul SCIPIO AEMILIANUS defeats Numantines. 134 GHH, HRR, atl2
c.134/3 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS is sent a gift from Attalus-III of Pergamum. 134/3 CAH 8-378
c.133 C. Caecilius METELLUS CAPRARIUS serves under Scipio at siege of Numantia. 133 DGRBM 2-1058
c.133 NUMANTIA, under Celtiberi, on both sides of the Douro, besieged 8 months by Scipio Aemilianus with a fence supported by towers, moats, impaling rods. 133 B76 VII-439, 16-395, LdHR 2-139, OCD 427, 963, SORH, wikNm
c.133 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS is privately sent a gift from Antiochus-VII SidetesScipio accepts it publicly and has the quaestors record it. 134 CAH 8-370 133 atl2
c.133 Young men of Lutia try to get supplies into Numantia.  Scipio Aemilianus with a detachment of light troops marches to Lutia, forces the surrender of 400 of the most active sympathizers, and cuts off their right hands. 133 LdHR 2-140
c.133 EQUITES (cavalry composed of nobles) abolished by Scipio Aemilianus at siege of Numantia. 140 CDGRA 291
no date: LEWH 103-4
c.133 C. MARIUS distinguishes himself at the siege of Numantia, and is praised and promoted by Scipio Aemilianus. 133 atl2
c.133 C. METELLUS at the siege of Numantia, is insulted by Scipio Aemilianus. 133 atl2
c.133 Celtiberi in NUMANTIA, reduced to cannibalism, ask terms of surrender.  Scipio Aemilianus tells them to immediately throw out all weapons, and next day to appear at a given place.  They ask for time to deliberate.  Some of the men suicide rather than surrender.  The rest come out of the gates. 133 LdHR 2-140
c.133 4,000 Celtiberi in NUMANTIA, besieged 8 months by Scipio Aemilianus with 60,000, citizens burn the city and die free rather than live as slaves.  50 Numantines are selected to adorn Scipio's triumph.  The rest are sold as slaves, and Numantia is levelled.  Scipio establishes Roman dominion in central Spain. 134 CAH 8, 9-21, DGRBM 2-1207, 133 B76 15-1095, 1099, 16-395, 17-404, CAH 8-107, 136, 9, CDCC 428, DGRBM 3-750, DGRG 1-1080 Dur 3-87, GHH, HRR, IDB 4-430, LdHR 2-140, MCAW, OCD 963, SORH, atl2, bk     132 wikNm
c.133 CELTIBERI WAR from 143 ends. 133 DGRG 1-198, HRR, OCD 218
c.133 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS learns of death of Ti. Gracchus(3).  Though Scipio is married to Sempronia, sis of Ti. Gracchus, he says, "So may all those perish who attempt such crimes", a quote from Homer's Odyssey.  His legate C. Gracchus is aware of it. 133 DGRBM 2-294, 3-750, atl2
c.133 SPAIN, provinces from 197, settled by Scipio AEMILIANUS and legate Fabius Maximus Aemilianus. 133 CAH 8, 9, GHH, HRR LEWH 102, atl2, vrb
c.133 Spaniards, until now mead drinkers, acquire a taste for wine.  Some become wine exporters. 133 vrb
c.133 Spaniards quickly forget their languages and learn Latin - except the Vascones in the north. 133 vrb
c.132 Senate sends 10 commissioners to organize new territories in Spain. 132 atl2
no date: LdHR 2-140
c.132 SCIPIO AEMILIANUS commander in Spain from 134, returns to Rome.  His legate C. Gracchus accompanies. 133 rcIb     132 B76 16-395, DGRBM 2-294, 3-750, OCD 963
c.124 Praetor Q. FABIUS MAXIMUS becomes proconsul in Farther Spain until 123. 124 OCD 427, rcIb
c.123 Praetor Q. Cęcilius Metellus Balearicus arrives in Farther Spain until 122. 123 rcIb
c.123 Praetor Q. FABIUS MAXIMUS (later Allobrogicus) proconsul in Farther Spain from 124, ends. 123 rcIb
c.122 Praetor Q. Cęcilius Metellus Balearicus, in Farther Spain from 123, ends. 122 rcIb
c.118 Narbo Martius (Narbonne) technically in province of Nearer Spain founded by Marius.  1st transmarine colony with citizen rights. 118 GHH, SORH
c.118 M. Sergius in Nearer Spain until 114. 118 rcIb
c.114 Praetor C. MARIUS is made governor of Farther Spain until later 114. 115 rcIb     114 B76 11-504, wikGM
c.114 M. Sergius in Nearer Spain from 118, ends.  Sextus Marius succeeds until ?. 114 rcIb
c.114 Praetor C. MARIUS curbs banditry in Farther Spain, gets control of luctative mining industry. 114 B76 11-504, SORH, atl2
c.114 Fighting in Spain begins until 111. 114 CAH 9-21
c.114 Praetor C. MARIUS in Farther Spain 114, ends. 114 rcIb
c.112 L. Calpurnius PISO FRUGI, commander in Spain, campaigns against Spanish rebels. 112 atl2
c.111 L. Calpurnius PISO FRUGI, commander in Spain from ?, killed while practicing maneuvers.  Praetor Ser. Sulpicius GALBA succeeds until . 111 CAH 9-21, atl2 110 rcIb     no date:
DGRBM 2-205
c.111 Q. Fabius Labeo arrives in Nearer Spain until 110. 111 rcIb
c.110 C. Porcius CATO sails to Tarraco Narbonensis. 110 DGRBM 1-645
c.109 Praetor Q.(2) Servilius CAEPIO arrives in Farther Spain. 110 DGRBM 1-534 109 OCD 188
c.108 MIRVAN, king of Iberians from 158, dies.  PARNAJOM succeeds until ?. 108 atl2
c.108 Praetor Q. Servilius CAEPIO(4) defeats the Lusitani. 108 DGRBM 1-534 109 OCD 188
c.105/4 Germanic CIMBRI, in Rhone valley from 110, ravage Gaul between the Rhone and Pyrenees, then enter Roman province of Gallia Narbonensis until 102. until 102.  They conflict with the Celtiberi. 110 B76 I-480     105 SORH 105/4 GHH, HRR    104 atl2 no date: DGRG 1-955, 1080, OCD 240
c.103 Germanic CIMBRI, in Spain from 105/4 expelled by the Celtiberi, return to Rhone valley.  Cimbri ally with Helveti and Teutons for joint invasion of Cisalpine Gaul. 104 GHH, HRR
103 DGRG 1-1080, SORH, atl2     102 Dur 3-119
no date: OCD 240
c.101 Roman embassy tries to stifle rebellion in Spain. 101 atl2
c.101 Romans subdue the Lusitani again. 102 CAH 9-21     101 atl2