|c.2000||CYCLADIC civilization in eastern Mediterranean from 3200 is replaced by MINOAN.||2000 TAWH 16, mxfld|
|c.2000||City of Phylakopi on Melos Island in Cyclades trades in OBSIDIAN, volcanic glass found there for 5,000 years.||2000 TTPC|
|c.2000||ROADS: A road of blocks is on Skyros Island in Aegean.||2000 SHT 1-714|
|c.2000||Minoan SHIPS begin roaming unchallenged on the Aegean Sea for the next 500 years. Ships sail from Mediterranean to north Scotland.||2000
SHT 2-569, mxfld
|c.2000||THASOS Island in north Aegean, under Phoenicians from ?, colonized by Thracians until 1600.||2000 rcAg|
|c.2000||CRETE: EARLY MINOAN period ends. Began 2700. MIDDLE MINOAN (Old Palace) period begins until 1600.
MIDDLE MINOAN-I begins until 1850.
|2100 B76 VI-920, RAH 121
2000 B76 16-677, 19-274, MCAW 15 & 20, TAWH 16
|Minoans build boats using ribs & planking on both sides, joined on both ends. Sail used.|
|c.2000||PLUMBING: Minoan nobility have bathtubs filled and emptied by vertical stone pipes cemented at their joints. Sewage systems appear. Palace at Knossos has exquisite potteries and tiles, bath rooms with running water, toilets with drainage systems and evidence of rich jewelery.||2000
EOET 200, TTT, mxfld
|c.2000||Crude LENSES appear in Anatolia and Crete.||2000 B76 18-97|
|c.2000||States form. 1st palaces constructed at Knossos, Malia, Zakro, Phaistos. Each palace is the center of a town. They all last until 1700.||2000 B76 19-274, MCAW 21, PW 140, mxfld, wik20|
|c.2000||Minoan JEWELRY develops hammered relief design, ornamentation by tiny metal balls, gemstone inlays.||2000
|c.2000||Population of Knossos is 80,000.||2000 mxfld|
|c.2000||Short paved roads appear at Knossos.||2000 SHT 1-714, TTT|
|c.2000||Solid wheeled vehicles appear in Crete, Asia, Europe, Aram, and Egypt. (See Anatolia 1800)||2000 SHT 1-211
1250 SHT 1-719
|c.2000||MALTA: Bronze age culture of 2400 suddenly ends because of invasions. Replaced by south Italian culture until 800.||2000 B76 11-391, rcSI|
|c.2000||BOATS: Minoans use ribs and planking on sides, joined on both ends.||2000 B76 16:677, TAWH 16|
|c.2000||SQUARE SAILS assist Cretan & Phoenician oarsmen on ships in Aegean Sea and East Mediterranean.||2000 TAWH 16, TTPC, mxfld|
|c.2000||EARLY CYPRIOT period from ?, transitions peacefully to MIDDLE CYPRIOT period, which lasts until ?.||2000 B76 19-274|
|c.1950||POTTER'S WHEEL: Evidence of pivoted disks in Greece, Crete, Uruk, and Egypt. Foot wheels also in Greece and Crete.||2000 SHT 1-203
1950 MCAW 21
1800 SHT 1-200
|c.1900||NURAGIC AGE begins in Sardinia until 730. A nuraghe is a beehive shaped megalithic building made of many layers of stones whose size diminishes with height.||1900 wikNrg
|c.1900|| CRETAN HIEROGLYPHIC , oldest form of Cretan writing V, begins until 1600. (never deciphered)
(See Arabia 2000, Mesopotamia 2000, Egypt 1800)
|1900 B76 1-838, PW 14
evidenced 1625 wikCH
|c.1850||CRETE: MIDDLE MINOAN-I ends. Began 2000.
MIDDLE MINOAN-II begins until 1700.
|1950 RAH 121 1850 B76 16-677, MCAW 15 & 20 1800 CAH I-2|
|c.1850||MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-1 begins until 1800.||1850 CAH 2.1-165|
|c.1800||MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-1 ends.
MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-2 begins until 1700.
|1800 CAH 2.1-165|
|c.1800||BRONZE appears on Sardinia.||1800 B76 19-278|
|c.1800||A dagger blade of 1800 found in the Lasithi plain of eastern Crete is the earliest known predecessor of ornamented dagger blades from Mycenae. Engravings show a fight between 2 bulls and a man spearing a boar.||1800 B76 11-1096|
|c.1800||A temple for the dead near Arkhanes south of Knossos contains a noble woman's grave, which includes a gold signet ring with a cult scene confirming that Minoans believed in a dying and resurrecting god.||1800 mxfld|
Exact repros of a Cretan Skyphos (left) and a Prochus "beak shaped" (right).
|c.1700||CRETE: MIDDLE MINOAN-II period ends. Began 1850.
MIDDLE MINOAN-III begins until 1600.
MIDDLE MINOAN-IIIa begins until 1660.
|1800 RAH 121
1700 B76 5-252, 16-677, 19-274, CAH I-2, II-1-141,
MCAW 24, TTPC 6, mxfld, pczy
|1st Minoan palaces at Knossos, Zakro, Phaistos, & Mallia from 2000, destroyed probably by EARTHQUAKE. 3 crushed skeletons found at Minoan temple in Anemospilia. Cities rebuilt c.1650.|
"Snake Goddess" figures from Knossos.
|1700 B76 19-274, wikComFM|
|c.1700||MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-2 ends. Began 1800.
MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-3 begins until 1600.
|1700 CAH 2.1-165|
|c.1660||CRETE: MIDDLE MINOAN-IIIa ends. Began 1700.
IIIb begins until 1600.
|1660 CMoG 3-69|
|c.1650||Λ CRETAN WRITING V: LINEAR-A begins on Crete until 1450, in CYCLADES until ?. (See Egypt 1800)||1700 B76 VI-238 1650 PW 14, SHT 1-759 1600 B76 1-838
by 1400 B76 8-392
|c.1628||THERA Island in Cyclades: Cretan settlement destroyed by volcano. Rains ash on Crete. Tidal wave over 100 ft high. Causes famine in Egypt.
Evidence of this appears in Greenland, Ireland.
|late 17th cen: crnl
1628 wikME 1650-25 wikHP 1520 TTPC 1500 B76 IX-943, MCAW 32, OCD 1060, TAWH 66, mxfld, wikMG
|c.1600||CRETE: MIDDLE MINOAN (Old Palace) period ends. Began 2000.||1650 MCAW 26
B76 19-275, MCAW 28,29,31, RAH 121, TTPC
B76 VI-920, LEWH 20
|MIDDLE MINOAN-IIIb ends. Began 1660.
LATE MINOAN period begins until ?.
LATE MINOAN-I (New Palace-2) begins until 1450.
|Palaces at Knossos, Phaistos, Malia, Zakro. Snake Goddess figures at Knossos & elsewhere show "Mother Earth" goddess worship. Bull leap frescos at Knossos. Human and animal sacrifices.|
|c.1600|| CRETAN HIEROGLYPHIC , oldest form of Λ Cretan writing V from 1900, ends. (never deciphered)
(See Linear-B 1500 Ugaritic 1500)
|1600 B76 1-838
|c.1600||Mainland Greece renews contact with Crete.||1600 B76 19-276|
|c.1600||CORSICA & SARDINIA occupied by Celto Ligurians from southern Gaul.||1600 mxfld|
|c.1600||SARDINIA: occupied by permanent settlements from 6000, shows first evidence of trade with Aegean.||1600 wikSrd|
|c.1600||Mycenean SHIPS now compete with Minoan shipping, which has been without competition from 2000.||1600 mxfld|
|c.1600||MINOAN civilization peaks.||1600 RAH|
|c.1600||THASOS Island in north Aegean, under Thracians from 2000, no longer under them.||1600 rcAg|
|c.1600||MIDDLE CYPRUS Period-3 ends. Began 1700.||1600-1550 CAH 2.1-165|
|c.1550||Mycenean trading posts appear in Sicily and Aeolian Islands just north of Sicily.||1600-1500 PAE 134|
|c.1500||SARDINIA: Villages begin to be built around round tower-fortresses, which are often reinforced and enlarged with battlements.||1500 wikSrd|
|c.1500||AEGEAN: Polished stone ax heads mostly superseded by bronze.||1500 SHT 1-504|
|by 1500||OIL LAMPS made in Crete by throwing a bowl, then pinching it to form the spout to hold the wick.
(See Europe 2000, Egypt 2000)
|by 1500||Mycenean Greeks have strong influence in Crete.||1500 B76 5-253|
|c.1500||SPOKED WHEELS, in Asia from 2000, in Canaan and Egypt from at least 1600, appear in Crete and Greece.||1500
|c.1500||BEAM PRESS using a lever to press liquid from olives & grapes invented in Aegean area.||1500 TTT|
Exact repros of CRETAN WARE with approx. dates by Hellenic-Art.com
|c.1475||MYCENEANS of Greece invade and conquer eastern CRETE.||1475 vrb
early 15th cen.: PAE 134
|c.1450||CRETE: KNOSSOS & other cities destroyed by quake (or possibly Thera eruption).||1450 B76 5-253, CMoG3 145
|c.1450||Λ CRETAN WRITING: LINEAR-A script from 1650, ends. Mycenean script (Linear-B) begins. 88 symbols (combination of a consonant and a vowel) each denoting a syllable used here until 1150, and in Greece. Used only for administrative purposes. Shows agricultural prosperity, especially in number of sheep. Grain rations go to Earth Mother Goddess as well as people.
(See Linear-B 1500, Ugaritic 1500, Veracruz 1000 )
|1600 B76 VI-238 1500 TAWH 16
1450 MCAW 33, SHWC 26, vrb, wikCH
B76 8-392, 9-431, MCAW 33-37,
|c.1450||CRETE comes under Mycenean Greeks until 1100.||1450 B76 19-276
1400 IDB 4-915, wikMG
|c.1450||CRETE: A CHARIOT is drawn by two GOATS.||1450 SHT 1-729|
|c.1450||CRETE: LATE MINOAN-1 (New Palace-2) period ends. Began 1600. Destroyed by earthquakes and Mycenean invasion.||1500 RAH 121
1450 B76 5-253, 19-275, CAH 2.1, MCAW 32,34, LEWH 60, PW 15, TAWH 16
1400 CMoG3 145
1100 LEWH 20
|Knossos becomes the only government center. Myceneans build palace at Knossos.|
|MYCENEAN PERIOD (Late Minoan-2) begins until 1400.|
|c.1450||CRETE: MYCENEAN PERIOD has more formalized pottery style. Light hearted Minoan art is replaced by focus on religion.||1450 MCAW 35
1300 MCAW 41
|c.1450||Mycenean colony on RHODES.||1450 CMoG3 145|
|c.1450||CYPRUS: already full of Minoan culture, receives influx of Myceanized Minoans.||1450 MCAW 34 1400 B76 5-406|
Exact repros of CRETAN WARE with approx. dates by Hellenic-Art.com
|c.1435||MARBLES played on Crete by Minoan kids with polished jasper and agate.||1435 EOET 368|
|c.1425||Mycenean colony on COS Island.||1425 CMoG3 145|
|c.1405||PAPHOS Cyprus founded by Kinyras Paphitis.||1405 wikAGhC|
|c.1400||The palace of Knossos yielded the earliest records of Greek Linear B script, based on the previous Linear A of the Minoans.||1400 wikMG|
|c.1400||CRETE invaded by Achaeans again, Knossos burned, palace of Minos burned.||1400 BCoC 259, CWH, LEWH 60
1380 CAH 2.1-543 1375 B76 19-275
|c.1400||CRETE: MYCENEAN PERIOD ends. Began 1450.
LATE MINOAN-3 (Post Palace-1) begins until 1260.
Palace at Knossos destroyed by earthquake.
|1405 CMoG 3-69
1400 MCAW 36,37, RAH 127, pczy
|c.1400||CYCLADES, under Minoans from 17th century, comes under Myceneans until 1000.||1400 OCD 304|
|c.1400||Mycenean colonies begin thruout Aegean Sea.||1400 PAE 134|
|c.1400||MYCENEAN civilization peaks.||1400 RAH|
|c.1400||MYCENEANS, on Crete 1475-1100, sail to CYPRUS.||1400 vrb|
|c.1400||CYPRUS: Cypro-Mycenean script begins. Never disciphered.||1400 IDB 4-915|
|c.1400||A figure of a lyre player is carved on a sarcophagus in Ayia Triadha Crete. Its long sleve tunic is adopted from Myceneans. A priest bringing offerings wears fur skirts.||1400 B76 5-1020|
|c.1375||Cretan SEAL ENGRAVERS phase out.||1375 B76 19-275|
|c.1350||PIRATES become a significant menace in eastern Mediterranean.||14th cen. PAE 158|
|c.1350||King of Alasiya (Cyprus) complains to pharaoh Akhenaton of raids by barbarian Luka.||1350 PAE 158|
|c.1315||Ahhiyawa seizes various islands, presumably in the Aegean.||1315 wikMG|
|c.1300||BEAKER PEOPLE in Balearic Islands from 2475 end.||1300 wikB|
Exact repros of CRETAN WARE with approx. dates by Hellenic-Art.com
|c.1293||SICELS form colonies in Sicily. Dorians and Ionians settle on south and east coasts.||1293 HRR|
|c.1270||Part of the Ausone tribe moves from Campania Italy to Sicily.||1270 wikAsn|
|c.1260||CRETE: LATE MINOAN-3 (Post Palace-1) ends. Began 1400.||1260 MCAW 43
1100 B76 VI-920, CMoG 3-69
|c.1250||Period of CLIMATIC CHANGE and MIGRATION begins in Mediterranean area until 1150.||1250 pczy|
|c.1240||SLASHING SWORD with a flanged hilt-grip, in central Europe from 1350, begins in central Aegean area.||1325 CMoG3 146
soon after 1250 PAE 159
|c.1225||Period of many EARTHQUAKES begins in Mediterranean area until 1175. Affects: Mycenae, Tiryns, Midea, Thebes, Pylos, Kynos, Lefkandi, Profitis Elias, the Menelaion and Kastanas in Thessaly, Korakou, and Gla. In eastern Mediterranean, earthquake damage appears at Troy, Karaoglun, Hattusa, Ugarit, Alalakh, Megiddo, Ashdod, and Acco.||1225 pczy|
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0
|c.1200||SICILY: under Sicani from 8000 and Elymians from ?, invaded by SICELS from Italy, forcing Sicani to central Sicily.||1200 wikS|
|c.1200||SICILY: OLIVES found in a Mycenean cemetery.||1200 SHT 1-359|
|c.1200||ACHAEANS, pressed by Doric and Aeolian tribes from the north, start migrating to Crete, Cyprus, Anatolia, and south Italy.||1200 vrb|
|c.1200||ANTIKYTHIRA Island (between Kythera Island and Crete) comes under Myceneans and Dorians until 546.||1200 rcAg|
|c.1200||IRON AGE begins on CRETE.
(See Anatolia 1400, Indus Valley 1300, Levant 1200, Europe 900, Africa 700)
|c.1200||Mycenean strongholds on Crete destroyed by fire.||1200 B76 19-276|
Exact repros of CRETAN WARE dated approx. 1200 by Hellenic-Art.com
|c.1183||Agapenor Ancaeou, king of Arcadia rebuilds Paphos Cyprus and builds a sanctuary to Aphrodite at Palaepaphos.||1183 wikAGhC|
|c.1182||ALASHIYA Cyprus is sacked by Sea Peoples.||1182 hifi|
|c.1180||SALAMIS Cyprus founded by Teucer Telemonides.||1180 wikAGhC|
|c.1175||Period of many EARTHQUAKES ends. In Mediterranean area from 1225.||1175 pczy|
|c.1150||Period of CLIMATIC CHANGE and MIGRATION ends. In Mediterranean area from 1250.||1150 pczy|
|c.1150||DORIANS, in Greece from 1200, spread to CRETE, destroy remnant of Minoan civilization. Myceneans on Crete evaccuate, mostly to Arcadia and Attica, some to Anatolia.||1200 wikCH
1150 B76 VI-238, mxfld
1100 CWH, MCAW 50
|Cretan LINEAR-B script from 1450 ends.
(See Linear-B 1500 Phoenician 1100, Veracruz 1000 Phoenician 950, Semitic 950
|c.1150||DEMOPHON THESIDES, king of Athens, dies in Cyprus.||1150 wikAGhC|
|c.1100||RHODES occupied by Dorians (mainly from Argos) until 1000.||1100 B76 VIII-552|
|c.1100||IRON AGE begins on CYPRUS until 700.||1100 cpnt|
|c.1100||Mycenean civilization on Crete from 1450 ends.||1100 B76 19-276|
Exact repros of CRETAN WARE dated approx. 1100 by Hellenic-Art.com
|c.1050||MYTILENE, Lesbos founded by Penthilis family from Thessaly. Ruled by the Penthilidae until 585.||11th cen wikLsbs 1050 B76 VI-164|
|c.1000||RHODES influx of Dorians (mainly from Argos) from 1100 ends.||1000 B76 VIII-552|
|c.1000||CYCLADES Islands, under Myceneans from 1400, occupied by Ionic speakers from Greece.||1000 OCD 304|
|c.1000||MELOS Island in Cyclades colonized by Dorians from Laconia.||no date: OCD 668|
|c.1000||CYPRUS receives influx of Iron Age PHOENICIANS.||1000 OCD 306|
|c.1000||PHOENICIANS become main power in Mediterranean until 700.||1100 B76 12-885 1000 PW 15 832 GHH|
|c.1000||SARDINIA begins to be visited by Phoenicians.||1000 wikSrd|
|c.1000||PHOENICIAN culture and seapower peaks.||1200-800 wikΦ|