|c.2000||WATERMELON cultivated in Africa.||2000 TTPC-5|
|c.2000||Farmers and herders in Ethiopia from ?, spread south to Kenya.||2000 wik20|
|c.1968||AMENHEMHET-I makes 1st recorded 12th Dyn campaign into Nubia.||yr 23 1968 Grim 161|
|c.1962||SENUSRET, son of pharaoh Amenhemhet-I, penetrates WAWAT as far as Korusko, takes prisoners as far as Mazol land.||Amenhemhet yr 29 BHoE 178, Grim 161, Shaw 148, nar|
|c.1962||KERMA south of 3rd cataract shows evidence of Egyptian occupation and extensive urban development. Cemeteries show wives and servants buried with tribal chiefs, animal sacrifices, and up to 400 human sacrificed retainers.||after 2000 mxfld
1962 MCAW 21
|Sometimes Nubia and Kush are the same area. Sometimes they are different. When they are different, Nubia is north of Kush.|
|c.1958||SENUSRET-I, 2nd pharaoh of 12th dynasty 1962-28, resumes conquest of NUBIA in person. 1st campaign ever personally led by a pharaoh. Penetrates beyond 2nd cataract, occupies as far as Buhen.||8 yrs after A-1 dies: BHoE 181
no date: DMoN
|AMENI, son of Khnum-Hotep, under Senusret, commands Oryx soldiers.|
|c.1953||MENTUHOTEP, general under Senusret-I in Nubia, dispatched south.||1953 BHoE 181
yr 10 Shaw 149
|c.1950||Egyptian fortress at BUHEN, Nubia has a drawbridge that moves on rollers.||2000 TTT|
|c.1950||NUBIA, independent from ?, conquered by general Mentuhotep. Under Egypt until 1913.||1950 TTPC
no date: BHoE 17, 166, 181
|General MENTUHOTEP erects so many boastful monuments that Senusret gets nervous and dismisses him.|
|One large stele north of 2nd cataract now extant.|
|c.1949||AMENI, nomarch of Oryx 1950-?, with prince Amenhemhet + 400 men, dispatched to consolidate NUBIA and mine gold.||no date:
|c.1913||NUBIA, under Egypt from 1950, goes independent until 1903. EGYPT / NUBIA war until 1903.||1913 wik20|
|c.1903||EGYPT / NUBIA war from 1913, ends. Nubia under Egypt until 1829.||1903 wik20|
|c.1869||SENUSRET-III, 5th pharaoh of 12th dynasty 1877-43, sails war ships into NUBIA.
Sets up forts, Semna & Kummeh south of 2nd cataract as his southern border.
Puts temple to Dedwen, god of Nubia, in fortress Semna.
BHoE 184, DMoN 60, Grim 168
|c.1867||SENUSRET-III, minor Nubian campaign.||yr 10 DMoN 61|
|c.1861||SENUSRET-III, 5th pharaoh of 12th dynasty 1877-43, extensive campaign against NUBIA. Burns crops, takes cattle.
EGYPT / NUBIA war begins until ?.
BHoE 186, DMoN 61
|c.1858||SENUSRET-III personally leads campaign against NUBIA. Burns crops, takes cattle.||yr 19 BHoE 186, DMoN 61, Shaw 155|
|c.1829||NUBIA, under Egypt from 1903.
EGYPT / NUBIA war begins until 1818.
|c.1818||EGYPT / NUBIA war from 1829 ends.||1818 wik19|
|c.1750||Kings of KERMA in upper Nubia are powerful enough to organize labor for large walls and structures of mud brick, have rich tombs with possessions for the afterlife, conduct human sacrifices.
Craftsmen are skilled in metalworking and pottery.
|c.1650||KERMA is a densely populated urban center overseeing a centralized state from at least 1st Cataract to 4th.||1650 nub|
|c.1540||AMENHOTEP-I, 2nd pharaoh of 18th (Theban) dynasty 1550-26, invades Nubia, colonizes it, takes captives back to Thebes.||1550 MCAW 28
yr 8 Shaw 213
no date: TTPC
|c.1526||THUTMOSE-I, 3rd pharaoh of 18th (Theban) dynasty 1527-10, marches south to attack NUBIA. Arrives at 1st cataract. Canal full of stones. Drags ships over rapids, arrives at Tangur above 2nd cataract, soon defeats 1st tribe of Nubians.||T-1 yr 2 BHoE 256, Shaw 223|
|c.1525||THUTMOSE-I, 3rd pharaoh of 18th (Theban) dynasty 1527-10, thoroughly subdues NUBIA, extends border beyond 4th cataract, takes back body of Nubian king tied head down to the prow of his ship.||1524 MCAW 28
T-1 yr 2 BHoE 257
|c.1520||Egyptians take control of Kush until 1100.||1520 wikK|
|c.1520||After 1520 the Egyptian New Kingdom used Nubian gold to hire charioteers.||1520 mxfld|
|c.1509||THUTMOSE-II, 5th pharaoh of 18th (Theban) dynasty 1510-04 quells revolt in NUBIA. Executes all involved except for one son of the ruler, who is brought back to Thebes as a hostage.||yr 1
Grim 212, Shaw 227
|c.1500||All NUBIA occupied by Egyptians.||1500 mxfld, nub|
|c.1440||NEHI, viceroy of Nubia for THUTMOSE-III, 5th pharaoh of 18th dyn 1504-1436 invades to 4th cataract.||T-3 yr 50 BHoE 318, DMoN 88, GEoP, wikT3|
|c.1417||Rebellion in NUBIA suppressed by THUTMOSE-IV.||yr 8 BHoE 328|
|c.1385||Rebellion in NUBIA suppressed by MERMOSE, viceroy of Amenhotep-III. Mermose penetrates beyond 4th cataract, possibly 5th. This marks the greatest geographical expansion of Egypt into Nubia/Kush.||1406 MCAW 32
yr 4 BHoE 330
yr 5 DMoN 89, GEoP 205, Shaw 260
|c.1340||Rebellion in NUBIA quelled by AKHENATEN, 9th pharaoh of 18th dyn 1352-34.||yr 12 Shaw 270|
|c.1283||Rebellion in NUBIA at Irem. SETI-I sends troops which crush it after a 7 day campaign and take over 600 prisoners.||Seti-I yr 8 DMON 121|
|c.1200||IRON producing sites evidenced.||1200 wikIA|
|c.1194||SIPTAH, pharaoh 1194-88, goes to NUBIA to install his viceroy, SETI.||yr 1 BHoE 473|
|c.1100||NUBIA, under Egypt from 1540, and KUSH, under Egypt from 1520, now free of Egyptians. Nothing more is known of Nubia until 750.||1100 B76 VII-430, mxfld|
|c.1070||KINGDOM of KUSH established. Capital at Napata.||1070 wikK 900 PW 15, TAWH 16|
|c.1070||PINNKHI-I becomes king of Kush at Napata until 1050.||1074 rcNA|
|c.1050||PINNKHI-I king of Kush at Napata from 1070 ends. PAINUTEN-I succeeds until ?.||1050 rcNA|
|c.1030||MENKHEPERRA becomes king of Kush at Napata until 991.||1030 rcNA|
|c.1000||KENYA & TANZANIA: Caucasoid AZANIANS bring cattle and cereals to join the previously settled dark whites. They leave stone burial chambers, hut circles, terraced fields, roads and traces of irrigation. By tradition Azanians were tall, bearded and red-skinned.||1000 mxfld|