Han begins Go to Asia Go to India Go to Pacific
c.202 CHU-HAN CONTENTION Period ends.  Han defeats Chu. 202 wikCHC
c.202 Chu general Zhongli Mo in Xingyang from ?, escapes to friend Han Xin for refuge until later 202. 202 HFHD 45, R2T 177, wikHX
c.202 LIU BANG, king of Han, with support from his subjects, claims title of Emperor until 195.  Liu Bang names his dynasty "Han", historically known as "Western Han Dynasty".  He becomes known as Emperor GAOZU (Kao-tsu, Gao), and appoints wife Lu Zhi empress, and his son Liu Ying crown prince until 195. 202 B76 4-308, CHAC 969,
CHC 1-119, Feb. HFHD 99, IUG 4.3, Feb. R2T 167,
TAWH 17, TToH, TTPC, wikCHC, wikGz, wikLZ, wikT
c.202 HAN DYNASTY begins until 9CE.  Capital Loyang until 200. 206 CHAC 17, 67, 969, PW 17
202 B76 4-308, 10-58, ICMH 127, scar, wikHC
c.202 south ChinaOnly rulers still opposing Han are GONG WEI king of Linjiang at Jiangling 204-02, and ZHAO TU at Guangzhou in far south. 202
ICMH 133 no date:
R2T 163
c.202 LI CHI, former general of Xiang Yu, submits to Gaozu, and is made a marquis in Yingchuan Commandery.  When Gaozu arrives at Loyang he summons all the marquises; Li Chi is afraid of being tricked, so he rebels.  In Sep/Oct Gaozu leads an expedition against him and routs him. 202 HFHD 115
c.202 Liu Bang orders Lu Wan and Liu Gu to attack Gong Wei King of Linjiang for having refused to submit to Liu Bang.  They defeat Gong Wei, and conquer Linjiang. 203/2 HFHD 113, 144     202 wikLW
c.202 GONG WEI besieged at Jiangling for several months by Han generals Liu Gu and Lu Wan, then surrenders.  Lu Wan and Liu Gu return by the 7th month.  Gong Wei is brought to Loyang and executed. 203/2 HFHD 113 202 ICMH 133, wikLW
no date: R2T 163
c.202 LINJIANG independent state from 206, terminated by Liu Bang, becomes Nan Commandery. 202 HFHD 122, 126
c.202 CHANG'AN construction begun at site of Xian.  Planned as a new Han capital. 202 B76 4-29, 308 200 CHC 1-575
c.202 LIU BANG disbands army, grants general amnesty to convicts (except for capital cases) and former opponents plus measures for rehabilitation. 202 CHC 1-120, IUG 4.3, wikCHC
c.202 Famine in Shensi kills half the population.  LIU BANG permits people to sell their children and migrate to Szechwan for food, as in 205. 202
SDFH 208
c.202 The only Former Han reference to large-scale farming with slave labor dates from 202 when population was greatly reduced and arable land was extensive. 202
SDFH 215
c.202 LIU BANG edict states  "Those common people who because of famine have sold themselves to be people's slaves are all to be freed and become commoners." 202 SDFH 66, 136
202 BCE
c.202 TIAN HENG (former King of Qi) suicides outside Loyang. 202 HFHD 192, wikCHC no date: R2T 171
c.202 Chu official LU QING submits to Liu Bang. 202 HFHD 147
c.202 Kingdom of MINYUE established with support of Han. 202 CHC 1-170, 455, wikSeHd
c.202 GAOZU gives parts of Han empire to war companions as fiefs.
HAN XIN, king of Qi from 203, loses Qi, but is made king of Chu for 2 months in 202.
HANN XIN (not Han Xin) king of Hann until 201
Confirms ZHANG TU King of Yen 206-2
Confirms ZHANG ER, King of Zhao 204-2
south China PENG YU, king of Liang, capital at Dingtao until 196
WU RUI King of Changsha
YING BU (Qing Pu) remains king of Huainan 206-196, but it becomes a commandery in 201
WUZHU King of Minyue (north Yue)
ZOU YAO king of Dongye (south Yue)
202 HFHD 44, 67, 118, Jan.
R2T 164, ICMH 132, wikCHC, wikHX, wikYB, wikZT
201 GHCC
c.202 CHANGSHA, a commandery from 222, is made a kingdom until 157.  WU RUI, king of Hengshan from 206, is transferred there until 201.  Changsha is the only kingdom sponsored by Han that is not under a member of the Liu family.  Capital at Linxiang. 203 CHC 1-124, 142
202 HFHD 221, bril
c.202 HENGSHAN, a separate kingdom from 206, is absorbed into Changsha until 196. 202 HFHD 73
c.202 LUAN PU gets control of the states of Qi. 202 HFHD 115
c.202 ZHANG ER, King of Zhao from 204, dies.  Son, ZHANG AO succeeds until 198. 202 HFHD 7, 15, ckZA, wikCHC, wikKZ
c.202 ZHANG TU, king of Yen 206-2, rebels against Gaozu, invades and tries to conquer Dai   Luan Pu of Qi joins him. 202 HFHD 145, ICMH 133,
Jul. R2T 175, wikCHC, wikZT
c.202 When Zhang Tu rebels, Chang Tsang, chancellor of Dai, follows Gaozu in the campaign against Zhang Tu and distinguishes himself. 202 HFHD 11, 199
c.202 Han general ZHOU BO with generals Lu Wan and Chen Xi sent by Gaozu to suppress Zhang Tu.  They capture Zhang Tu and Luan PuGaozu appoints LU WAN king of Yen until 194. 202 HFHD 19, 144, 145, ICMH 133,
R2T 175, wikCHC
c.202 ZHANG TU, king of Yen from 206, captured by Emperor Gaozu and executed.  His son escapes to the Xiongnu in the north. 202 HFHD 199, R2T 176, wikZT
c.202 General FAN KUAI sent by Gaozu to occupy Dai. 202 ICMH 133
c.202 Emperor GAOZU learns that Zhongli Mo is in Chu under protection of Han Xin.  He sends an order to Han Xin to arrest Zhongli Mo. 202
R2T 177
c.202 PENG YU, King of Liang, learns that Luan Pu is a prisoner of Han, and asks Emperor Gaozu for permission to ransom Luan Pu.  Permission granted.  Luan Pu goes to Liang. 202
HFHD 145
c.202 Han Xin disobeys Gaozu, orders Zhongli Mo to kill himself.  Zhongli Mo suicides. 202 HFHD 45, R2T 177
202/1 HFHD 68
c.202 HAN XIN, recent king of Chu, is accused by Han courtiers of plotting revolt. 202 Oct. R2T 177, late wikZT
201 ICMH 133, wikHX
c.202 Emperor Gaozu meets kings in area of Chen.  HAN XIN brings head of Zhongli Mo to Gaozu.  It doesn't save him from demotion. 202 Dec. R2T 177, late wikZT 201 HFHD 68, ICMH 133
c.202 HAN XIN, king of Chu for 2 months in 202, demoted to marquis of Huaiyin (in Jiangsu Province) until 196. 202 Dec. R2T 177, bril,
late wikHZ , late wikZT
201 ICMH 133, Jun. R2T 189
c.202 FU KUAN made Marquis of Yangling (in Shaanxi Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,200 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 181
c.202 WANG LING made Marquis WU of Anguo until 189. 202 HFHD 214
c.202 JIN SHE made Marquis of Xinwu (location unknown) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 5,300 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 181
c.202 CAO SHEN is named the person who made the most contributions in battle by Gaozu. 202 wikCS
c.202 CAO SHEN, Marquis of Jiancheng from 206, is made Marquis Yi of Pingyang (in Shanxi Province) until 190 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 10,630 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 181, wikCS     201 HFHD 39, 199, 200
c.202 XUE AO made Marquis of Guangping (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu until 188.  He has taxing rights on 4,500 peasant families. 202 HFHD 89, R2T 182
c.202 10 kingdoms are established in a large area east and north of the 14 administrative units under the emperor's direct control in the center. . 202 CHC 1-124
c.202 WANG XI made Marquis of Qingyang (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 3,100 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 181
c.202 CHEN BI made Marquis of Boyang (in Henan Province) by Gaozu. 202 Dec. R2T 182
c.202 CHEN PING made Marquis of Huyou (in Henan Province) until 198 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 5,000 peasant families. 202 Dec. HFHD 21, R2T 182
c.202 XIAHOU YING made Marquis of Ruyin (in Anhui Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 6,900 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 181
c.202 ZHAO AO made Marquis of Guangyan by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,200 peasant families. 202 Dec. R2T 182
c.202 CHEN YING made Marquis of Tangyi (in Jiangsu Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 1,800 peasant families. 202 Dec.
R2T 182
201 HFHD 23
c.201 YING BU, king of Huainan 206-196, confirmed as King of Huainan, with commanderies of Jiujiang, Luchiang, Hengshan, and Yuchang as his territory. 201
HFHD 36
c.201 XIAO HE made Marquis of Zan (in Henan Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 8,000 peasant families.  He is also made chancellor of Han until 193. 202 Dec. R2T 179 201 HFHD 88, R2T 184, wikXH
c.201 ZHOU ZHAO made Marquis of Longlu (in Henan Province) by Gaozu. 201 Jan. R2T 186
c.201 LI SHANG made Marquis of Quzhou (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 4,800 peasant families. 201 HFHD 116, R2T 184
c.201 ZHOU BO, Marquis of Weiwu from 206, made Marquis of Jiang (in Shanxi Province) until 169 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 8,100 peasant families. 201 HFHD 40, R2T 184
c.201 ZHOU CHANG made Marquis of Fenyin (in Shanxi Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,800 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 185
c.201 DAI, separate kingdom 206-114, now comprising Dai, Dingxiang, Taiyuan, Yanmen and Yunzhong, re-established as one of 10 kingdoms entrusted by Gaozu to his older bro Liu Xi (Liu Chung) king of Dai until 200. 201 HFHD 127, bril
c.201 Dingxiang commandery established out of territory from Qin's Taiyuan and Yenmen Commanderies.  Headquarters are at Chenglo. 201 HFHD 127, bril
c.201 CHEN YING Marquis of Tangyi 202-184, subjugates Yu-chang and Che-chiang and is given the income of 600 families. 201
HFHD 23
c.201 GUANGLING in Xuzhou, in the kingdom of Dongyang from 206, becomes part of Jingguo until 195. 201 bril
c.201 DONG XIE made Marquis of Cheng (in west Shandong Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,800 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 185
c.201 WU HU made Marquis of Liangzhou (in Shandong Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,800 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 185
c.201 CHEN HE made Marquis of Fei (in Shandong Province) by Gaozu. 201 Jan. R2T 185
c.201 DING FU made Marquis of Yangdu (in Shandong Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 7,800 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 186
c.201 GUO MENG made Marquis of Dongwu (in Shandong Province) by Gaozu until 183.  He has taxing rights on 2,000 peasant families. 201 Jan. HFHD 113, R2T 186
c.201 KONG XI made Marquis of Liao (in Henan Province) by Gaozu. 201 Jan. R2T 185
c.201 CHEN XI made Marquis of Yangxia (in Henan Province) by Gaozu. 201 HFHD 19, Jan. R2T 186
c.201 GUAN YING made Marquis of Yingyin (in Henan Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 5,000 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 184
c.201 HUAIYANG, part of Chu kingdom from 206, becomes a commandery until 196. 201 bril
c.201 LU SHI ZHI made Marquis of Jiancheng (in Jiangsu Province) by Gaozu. 201 Jan. R2T 183
c.201 LIU CHAN (originally Xiang Bo) made Marquis of Sheyang (in Jiangsu Province) by Gaozu until 192. 201 HFHD 86, R2T 183
c.201 WU RUI, king of Changsha from 202, dies.  Son WU CHEN succeeds as king CHENG of Changsha until 194.  Capital at Linxiang. 201 HFHD 220-1
CONFUSION ALERT!  WU CHEN, king of Zhao 209/8 is not WU CHEN, king Cheng of Changsha 201-194.
c.201 ZHANG LIANG, who had never fought a battle, is offered a position higher than that of anyone else.  Gaozu tells him to choose 30,000 families from Qi for himself.  But Zhang Liang prefers merely to be Marquis of Liu and takes only 10,000 families.  He is made Marquis of Liu (in Jiangsu Province) with taxing rights on 10,000 peasant families. 201 Jan. HFHD 10, R2T 183
c.201 LU ZE made Marquis of Zhoulu (near Dingtao) by Gaozu. 201 Jan. R2T 183
c.201 FAN KUAI, Marquis of Linwu from 206, made Marquis of Wuyang (in Henan Province) until 189 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 5,000 peasant families. 201 Jan. R2T 184
c.201 LU QING, with Liu Bang from 202, made Marquis of Xinyang (west of Changsha) until 192 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 1,000 peasant families. 201 HFHD 147, Jan. R2T 186
c.201 Emperor Gaozu holds a banquet for all generals and ministers.  He says he will create Yong Chi marquis of Shifang, and that he would urge Chancellor Xiao He to measure contributions of the generals and ministers and grant them titles accordingly. Mar. 201 R2T 188
c.201 CHOU TSAO made Marquis Ko of Lung-lu until 163. 201 HFHD 41
c.201 YONG CHI made Marquis Xiao of Shifang (in Sichuan Province) until 193 by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,500 peasant families. 201 HFHD 230, Mar. R2T 188
c.201 TSENG HO is made Marquis Ku of Chi until ?. 201 HFHD 200
c.201 CAI YIN made Marquis of Feiru (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 1,000 peasant families. 201 Mar. R2T 188
c.201 Chang Tsang, chancellor of Dai, is made Marquis of Peiping with income of 1200 peasant families. 201
HFHD 11
c.201 Chang Tsang, Marquis of Peiping, made Master of Accounts of Dai until 197. 201
HFHD 11
c.201 CHONG DA made Marquis of Qucheng (near Zhuoxian) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 4,000 peasant families. 201 Mar. R2T 189
c.201 YIN HUI made Marquis of Gucheng (in Jiangsu Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 2,000 peasant families. 201 mid R2T 189
c.201 Emperor Gaozu appoints eldest son by Lady Cao, LIU FEI king of Qi until 189 with a territory of more than 70 cities. 201 HFHD 129, ICMH 133, R2T 221
c.201 CAO SHEN is appointed chancellor of Qi under Liu Fei (Gaozu's eldest son). 201 HFHD 200, wikCS
c.201 ZHOU XIE made Marquis of Kuaicheng (in Gansu Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 3,300 peasant families. 201 Aug. R2T 190
c.201 SHEN YIJI made Marquis of Piyang (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu. 201 HFHD 172, Aug. R2T 190
c.201 WANG LING made Marquis of Anguo (in Hebei Province) by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 5,000 peasant families. 201 Aug. R2T 189
c.201 DING LI made Marquis of Lecheng by Gaozu.  He has taxing rights on 1,000 peasant families. 201 Aug. R2T 189
c.201 WANG XI made marquis Ting of Ching-ho until 179. 201 HFHD 213
c.201 HANN XIN (not Han Xin) King of Hann from 202, transferred to Taiyuan in Zhao by Emperor Gaozu to guard north border against the Xiongnu.  Establishes headquarters in city of Mayi. 201
CHEIA 121, ICMH 133
c.201 Gaozu returns from Pingcheng and passes thru Zhao.  King Zhang Ao waits humbly on Gaozu, but Gaozu treats him without courtesy.  The Chancellor of Zhao, Kuan Kao, and Zhao Wu urge Zhang Ao to give them permission to kill Gaozu.  Kuan Kao and Zhao Wu are more than 60 years old and had been guests of Zhang Er.  Zhang Ao refuses permission.  Then Kuan Kao and 10 others plot to kill Gaozu secretly, so that Zhang Ao would not be blamed. 201 HFHD 6
c.201 Emperor Gaozu is in Loyang.  He wants to build his capital there, but Lou Jing suggests Xianyang in Shensi instead, because it is surrounded by natural defences such as mountain passes, and has fertile land for agriculture.  Gaozu puts Xiao He in charge of construction in Xianyang until 200. 202
CHC 1-122, HFHD 142
201 wikXH
c.201 Hann army, defeated by Xiongnu, retreats to south of wall until c.135. 201 GHCC 119
c.201 HANN XIN (not Han Xin), king of Taiyuan, is encircled at Mayi by 1-200,000 Xiongnu under BAGHUR (called Mao Tun by Chinese).  Hann Xin sends envoys to Gaozu for help and to Mao Tun to negotiate. 201 fall R2T 194, icX
200 CHEIA 121,
ICMH 133
c.201 HANN XIN distrusts Gaozu, defects to the Xiongnu, hands over Mayi.  General Man Qiu Chen is with Hann Xin. 201 CHC 1-127, HFHD 150, Sep. R2T 194-5, icX, spks, wikGz 200 CHEIA 121, ICMH 133
c.201 BAGHUR, chief of Xiongnu 209-174, leads army thru Yanmen Pass (in north Shanxi) to attack Taiyuan. 201 Sep. R2T 195
c.201 ZHANG LIANG, Marquis of Liu 201, confirmed as marquis of Liu by Gaozu. 201 late wikZL
c.201 Yen - LiaodongCHU is divided in 2:  Jing with 53 counties including the later Han units of Linhuai, Kuaiji and Danyang until 196.  Chu with 36 counties.  Liu Bang's cousin LIU GU is appointed king of Jing until 196Liu Bang's younger bro LIU JIAO is appointed Prince YUAN of Chu until 178.  Chu contains 36 cities including Xieh Commandery, donghai, and Pengcheng, and remains thus until 155. late 201
HFHD 37, 44, 126, ICMH 133, R2T 221, bril, wikLJ
c.201 Emperor Gaozu passes thru Zhao from Dongyuan.  Chancellor Kuan Kao and others arrange an ambush in the side-rooms at Po-jen.  When the Emperor arrives, he has a premonition, and asks the name of the place.  When he finds the name is Po-jen, which means "harassed by someone", he does not stop. 200
HFHD 106
c.201 Towards the end of the 3rd century the territories under Tung-hu control extend from southern Inner Mongolia to southern Manchuria.  The Tung-hu are powerful, and constantly raid Xiongnu lands to their west. CHEIA 125

East Asia 200-164
V